Chaenomeles

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chaenomeles

 

(flowering quince), a genus of deciduous or half-evergreen shrubs or small trees of the family Rosaceae. The branches are usually thorny. The alternate leaves are gathered in clusters on old shoots; they are simple, serrate, or crenate along the margins. The large (3–5 cm across) flowers are solitary or in short racemes. The five-parted corolla is red, pink, or white. Flowering occurs before or simultaneously with the appearance of the leaves. The fruit is a pome. There are three species distributed in East Asia. The shrub C. speciosa, which is about 2 m tall and has ovate or somewhat elongate, sharply serrate leaves, is native to China, Tibet, and Burma. It is cultivated as an ornamental and for its fruit; in the USSR its cultivation extends from the latitude of Leningrad southward. More rarely cultivated are the species C. japonica and C. cathayensis and various interspecies hybrids.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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