mausoleum

(redirected from mausoleums)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to mausoleums: mausolea

mausoleum

(môsəlē`əm), a sepulchral structure or tombtomb,
vault or chamber constructed either partly or entirely above ground as a place of interment. Although it is often used as a synonym for grave, the word is derived from the Greek tymbos [burial ground]. It may also designate a memorial shrine erected above a grave.
..... Click the link for more information.
, especially one of some size and architectural pretension, so called from the sepulcher of that name at Halicarnassus, Asia Minor, erected (c.352 B.C.) in memory of MausolusMausolus
, d. 353 B.C., Persian satrap, ruler over Caria (c.376–353 B.C.). He was always more or less independent. One of the satraps who revolted against Artaxerxes II, he later allied himself with the Persian kings.
..... Click the link for more information.
 of Caria. It was a magnificent white marble structure, considered by the ancients one of the Seven Wonders of the WorldSeven Wonders of the World,
in ancient classifications, were the Great Pyramid of Khufu (see pyramid) or all the pyramids with or without the sphinx; the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, with or without the walls; the mausoleum at Halicarnassus; the Artemision at Ephesus; the
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Presumably in the form of an Ionic peristyle set on a lofty and massive base that contained the sarcophagus, it was surmounted by a stepped pyramid on whose truncated apex was a marble quadriga, or four-horse chariot. It was richly decorated with sculpture, including works of ScopasScopas
, Greek sculptor, fl. 4th cent. B.C., b. Paros. Although numbered among the Athenians, he wandered from place to place and did not attach himself to any school. He was the first to express violent feeling in marble faces.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and, quite probably, of PraxitelesPraxiteles
, fl. c.370–c.330 B.C., famous Attic sculptor, probably the son of Cephisodotus. His Hermes with the Infant Dionysus, found in the Heraeum, Olympia, in 1877, is the only example of an undisputed extant original by any of the greatest ancient masters.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The building itself was demolished for the purpose of reusing the material, but some of the sculpture was recovered (1846) for the British Museum.

A notable Roman mausoleum (135–39) is that of Hadrian in Rome. It was originally a great circular drum sheathed in marble and perhaps covered by a conical stepped roof of masonry; its form, however, has been changed beyond recognition. It is now called Castel Sant' AngeloCastel Sant' Angelo
, Hadrian's Mausoleum,
or Hadrian's Mole,
massive round construction on the right bank of the Tiber in Rome. Originally built (A.D.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Under the MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
..... Click the link for more information.
 emperors of India was built a remarkable series of domed mausoleums, many of them used as pleasure pavilions during the owner's lifetime. The most celebrated mausoleum, built by Shah Jahan at Agra, is known as the Taj MahalTaj Mahal
, mausoleum, Agra, Uttar Pradesh state, N India, on the Yamuna River. It is considered one of the most beautiful buildings in the world and the finest example of the late style of Indian Islamic architecture.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Notable mausoleums of modern times are those of Napoleon under the Dôme des Invalides, Paris; of President U. S. Grant on Riverside Drive, New York City; and of Lenin in Red Square, Moscow. In the United States the term mausoleum is used loosely to describe any sepulchral building above the surface of the ground.

Mausoleum

A large and stately tomb, or a building housing such a tomb or tombs; originally the tomb for King Mausolos of Carla, about 350 B.C.

Mausoleum

 

a burial monument. The word derives from the tomb of the Carian king Mausolus (died in the middle of the fourth century B.C.) in the city of Halicarnassus. Mausoleums were common in ancient Rome and in medieval Eastern countries. In socialist architecture there is a new principle of mausoleum construction: the addition of a tribune, which imparts social significance to the mausoleum (Lenin Mausoleum, Moscow; G. M. Dimitrov Mausoleum, Sofia, 1949, architects G. Ovcharov and R. Ribarov; and the burial vaults of Sukhe Bator and Choibalsan, Ulan Bator, 1950’s, architects B. S. Mezentsev and Chimid).

mausoleum

1. A commemorative edifice for the reception of a monument; a cenotaph. 2. A sepulchral chapel to contain tombs.
References in periodicals archive ?
The monuments including the mausoleum of Hazrat Shah Rukn-e-Alam, over six centuries old edifice, is part of tentative list of World Heritage Sites and is also listed as Punjab heritage.
Both mausoleums - sheikh Badraddin's and Muhammad's - belong to the Shirvan-Absheron architectural school and date back to the 15th century.
Mausoleums stand as proof of a surviving family's love for their deceased loved ones.
All the while, the patrons of these mausoleums walked a thin line between embracing their Jewish identity and assimilating into American culture.
Sheikh Yusof Sarvestani and SeyyedAmin el-din Belyani mausoleums have two domes one after another.
the foundation of wall, Punjab secretary/Chief administrator Auqaf Dr Saqib Aziz and Director Estate Auqaf Tariq Zaman visited the mausoleums of Hazrat Shah Rukn-e-Alam and Hazrat Bahauddin Zakariya Multani on Friday where they paid respect to the saints besides inspecting the damaged portion of the mausoleum of Hazrat Shah Rukn-e-Alam, Zonal administrator Auqaf Multan Mehmoodul Hassan told.
TUNIS (TAP) - At the opening on Thursday afternoon of the 22nd heritage month at Sidi BelHassen Chedli mausoleum in Tunis, Interim Prime Minister Ali Larayedh stressed the need to preserve mausoleums and shrines against attacks and desecration for they represent a heritage wealth belonging to all generations.
London, Dec 24 ( ANI ): Islamists in Mali have started destroying remaining mausoleums in the historic city of Timbuktu.
Travel Business Review-December 24, 2012--Mali insurgents destroy Mausoleums in Timbuktu(C)2012] ENPublishing - http://www.enpublishing.co.uk
Summary: CAIRO - Muslim fundamentalists have recently been calling for the demolition of mosques that have mausoleums belonging to members of the Prophet Mohamed's family.
The mausoleums of Khan, Amir Habibullah Khan, Queen Surya and Princess Shafiqa Seraj which were built in 1959 have severe cracks in the roof and could soon collapse.