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the chairman and civic head of a municipal corporation in many countries



the highest official in the municipalities of the USA, Great Britain, France, and a number of other bourgeois states. As a rule, mayors are elected by the municipal government and sometimes directly by the people. In some countries they are appointed or confirmed by the central government.

The mayor represents the municipal government and presides over its sessions. In France and some other states, the mayor, as an agent of the central government, heads the municipal administration. The mayor is responsible for the preparation and implementation of the municipal budget. He appoints individuals to numerous municipal posts and directs the work of the municipal bureaucracy. Certain powers, such as the registration of civil acts, are exercised by the mayor as a representative of the central authority.

In Great Britain and in some US cities mayors basically perform the functions of representatives and chairmen. The clerks of municipal councils and municipal administrators play the most important roles in the executive branches of the municipalities of Great Britain and the USA, respectively.

References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, an official, who takes up mayorship as his/her first full prefecture-level position, is promoted from sub-provincial governments or provincial governments depending on his/her first county-level position.
In October elections in Tabasco, the PRI lost its majority in the local legislature to the PRD, who also took over half the mayorships up for grabs.
Since the election results of 2011, the concentration of power, government corruption, confusion of state and party, subjugation of state branches to the will of the president, disrespect for the law, lack of judicial security, trafficking of influences, political intolerance, domination of almost all mayorships in the country, and recent constitutional reforms have aggravated in a truly alarming way the current situation of the country and its future," the CEN explained.
Foursquare calculates mayorships based on the most daily check-ins.
The only other party to finish the day in double digits was the center-right Partido Liberal Independiente (PLI), which won roughly 21% of the vote to take 12 mayorships.
Officials and analysts have charged that drug traffickers are supporting candidates at all levels, and particularly for mayorships in towns near the borders with Honduras and El Salvador.