Mayo

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Mayo,

county (1991 pop. 110,696), 2,084 sq mi (5,398 sq km), W Republic of Ireland. The county seat is CastlebarCastlebar
, town (1991 pop. 7,648), seat of Co. Mayo, W Republic of Ireland. It is a market for a farm area. Cured bacon and manufactured hats are products of the town, and Lough Castlebar is a fishing center. Castlebar was occupied by the French in 1798.
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. The western portion, including large Achill island, is mountainous; the eastern part is more level. There are numerous lakes (Mask, Carrowmore, Cullen, Conn, and Carra), and the irregular coast line is deeply indented by bays (Killala, Broadhaven, Blacksod, and Clew). Oats and potatoes are grown; cattle, sheep, pigs, and poultry are raised. Bacon curing, woolens manufacturing, and flour milling are carried on. Tourism is developing. The region was granted to the De Burghs after the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland, but the county was not brought fully under English control until the late 16th cent.

Mayo

 

a family of American surgeons.

William Worrall Mayo. Born May 31, 1819, in Manchester, England; died Mar. 6, 1911, in Rochester, Minn.

Mayo was educated as a chemist at Owens College in Manchester under J. Dalton. In 1845 he moved to the USA. He studied medicine in Lafayette, Ind., and received his M.D. in 1854 at the University of Missouri in St. Louis. In 1863 he became a surgeon in Rochester, where he founded St. Mary’s Hospital in 1883. Mayo, who is known for his works on abdominal surgery, was among the first physicians in the USA to use the microscope for medical diagnosis.

William James Mayo. Born June 29, 1861, in Le Sueur, Minn.; died July 28, 1939, in Rochester.

After graduating from the University of Michigan in 1883, Mayo became a surgeon at St. Mary’s Hospital, which was founded by his father, W. W. Mayo. In 1889 he and his brother C. H. Mayo founded a complex of clinics on the basis of St. Mary’s—now the world-famous Mayo Clinic. In 1915 the brothers established the Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, which includes a medical school, a postgraduate training institute, and a number of research institutes.

Mayo’s principal works dealt with abdominal surgery and urology. He was the author of works on the philosophy and organization of medicine. He was president of the American Medical Association (1906–07) and the American Surgical Association (1913–14) and an honorary member of many scientific organizations in the USA and more than 20 other countries.

Charles Horace Mayo. Born July 19, 1865, in Rochester; died May 26, 1939, in Chicago.

Mayo received his medical education in Chicago (1888). In 1889 he became chief of surgery at the Mayo Clinic. From 1919 to 1936 he was a professor at the postgraduate training institute and medical school of the Mayo Foundation. He was chief consultant of the surgical service of the USA during World War I (1914–18) and brigadier general in the medical reserves. His principal works dealt with various problems of surgery (operations for goiter, ureter transplant, operations on the bile ducts) and with the organization and administration of medical centers. He was president of the American Medical Association (1916–17) and the American College of Surgeons (1914–15) and an honorary member of many societies in the USA and abroad.

WORKS

Mayo, C. H. “Surgery of the Liver, the Gallbladder and the Biliary Ducts.” In W. W. Keen (ed.), Surgery, vol. 3. Philadelphia-London, 1908.
The Thyroid Gland. St. Louis, 1925. (With H. W. Plummer.)

REFERENCES

Wilson, L. B. “W. Worrall Mayo: A Pioneer Surgeon of the Northwest.” Surgery, Gynecology and Obstetrics, 1927, vol. 44, May.
Linberg, B. E. Amerikanskaia khirurgicheskaia klinika (po lichnym vpechatleniiam). Moscow, 1929. [Charl’z i Uil’iam Meio.] (Obituary.) Novyi khirurgicheskii arkhiv, 1939, vol. 45, book 2.
ludin, S. S. “Brat’ia Meio po lichnym vospominaniiam.” Khirurgiia, 1940, nos. 2–3.

R. S. RABINOVICH

Mayo

1
a family of US medical practitioners. They pioneered group practice and established (1903) the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. Foremost among them were William Worrall Mayo (1819--1911), his sons William James Mayo (1861--1939) and Charles Horace Mayo (1865-- 1939), and Charles's son, Charles William Mayo (1898--1968)

Mayo

2
a county of NW Republic of Ireland, in NW Connacht province, on the Atlantic: has many offshore islands and several large lakes. County town: Castlebar. Pop.: 117 446 (2002). Area: 5397 sq. km (2084 sq. miles)
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