meadow saffron


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Related to meadow saffron: autumn crocus, Colchicum autumnale

meadow saffron

or

autumn crocus,

perennial garden ornamental (Colchicum autumnale) of the family Liliaceae (lilylily,
common name for the Liliaceae, a plant family numbering several thousand species of as many as 300 genera, widely distributed over the earth and particularly abundant in warm temperate and tropical regions.
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 family). Native to Europe and N Africa, it has escaped from gardens to meadows and fields in some parts of the United States. Its poisonous corms and seeds were the source of the drug colchicinecolchicine
, alkaloid extracted from plants of the genus Colchicum and especially from the corms of the autumn crocus, Colchicum autumnale (see meadow saffron).
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. The purplish flowers, which bloom in the fall when the leaves are gone, resemble those of the true crocus and true saffron (of the irisiris,
common name for members of the genus Iris of the Iridaceae, a family of perennial herbs that includes the crocuses, freesias, and gladioli. The family is characterized by thickened stem organs (bulbs, corms, and rhizomes) and by linear or sword-shaped
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 family) but have six stamens instead of three. Other species of Colchicum are also popular garden plants. Meadow saffron is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Liliales, family Liliaceae.
References in periodicals archive ?
Miss Grillo, grand-dam of Meadow Saffron and Meadow Court, set a record in the States which promises to stand for all time, completing 2m4f in 4min 14.6sec in a race at Pimlico in November 1948.
If you want your patio livened up in October, and you will, go for colchicum (meadow saffron) in a pot.
Black, Les Colchiques becomes Meadow Saffron where in the final section
They come from Greece and Turkey, but there's also a rare British native that was familiarly known as meadow saffron or naked ladies.
The carts are lumbering toward the valley, brushwood smoke lies stagnant, blue-gray and bitter, one last bee is probing -- in vain -- the meadow saffron; slow, heavy with water, the landslides slither downward.