mean effective pressure
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mean effective pressure[′mēn i¦fek·tiv ′presh·ər]
Mean effective pressure
A term commonly used in the evaluation for positive displacement machinery performance which expresses the average net pressure difference in pounds per square inch (psi) on the two sides of the piston in engines, pumps, and compressors. It is also known as mean pressure and is abbreviated as mep or mp.
In an engine (prime mover) it is the average pressure which urges the piston forward on its stroke. In a pump or compressor it is the average pressure which must be overcome, through the driver, to move the piston against the fluid resistance.
The criterion of mep is a vitally convenient device for the evaluation of a reciprocating engine, pump, or compressor design as judged by initial cost, space occupied, and deadweight. See Compressor, Thermodynamic cycle, Vapor cycle