Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.




wholesale business of buying and slaughtering animals and then processing and distributing their carcasses to retailers. The livestock industry is among the largest in the world. In the United States, the plains of the Midwest and Southwest provided good conditions for inexpensively breeding livestock, which was then transported to centrally located packing centers, such as Chicago and Cincinnati, and marketed in the densely populated eastern states. Chicago's Union Stock Yards (1865) was the nation's largest livestock and packing center until the mid-20th cent. It was closed in 1971, because it was unable to compete with newer, more modern facilities. Modern meatpacking dates from the introduction of refrigerated railway cars. In 1869, George Hammond, a meatpacker in Detroit, shipped frozen beef to Boston in a car chilled with ice from the Great Lakes. By 1880 mechanical refrigeration was being used. The introduction of storage and distribution warehouses made possible the rapid and efficient marketing of meat. The grain belt and the high plains of the Midwest are still distribution centers for livestock products in the United States.

Meatpacking byproducts include hides for leather; edible fats; inedible fats for soap; bones for buttons; blood meal for fertilizer; hair for brushes; intestines for sausage casing; as well as gelatin, glue, and glycerin. Byproduct pharmaceuticals include pepsin, testosterone, liver extract, thyroxine, epinephrine, albumin, insulin, thromboplastin, bilirubin, and ACTH.

Federal legislation requires humane slaughtering methods and examination for disease for livestock killed for export or interstate trade. The Wholesome Meat Act of 1967 extended inspections to intrastate trade. A new inspection system requiring scientific tests for bacteria was put in place in 1996. The laws are administered by the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture (USDA). The USDA's grading service stamps beef prime, choice, select, standard, commercial, utility, cutter, and canner, according to the amount of its fat. See also beefbeef,
flesh of cattle prepared for food. It has become one of the chief products of the meatpacking industry and is sold either chilled, frozen, or cured. The leading beef consumers, as well as exporters, are the U.S., the European Union, Brazil, Argentina, and Australia.
..... Click the link for more information.
; muttonmutton,
flesh of mature sheep prepared as food (as opposed to the flesh of young sheep, which is known as lamb). Mutton is deep red with firm, white fat. In Middle Eastern countries it is a staple meat, but in the West, with the exception of Great Britain, Australia, and New
..... Click the link for more information.
; sausagesausage,
food consisting of finely chopped meat mixed with seasonings and, often, other ingredients, all encased in a thin membrane. Although sausages were made by the ancient Greeks and Romans, they were usually plain and unspiced; in the Middle Ages people began to use the
..... Click the link for more information.


See A. Levie, The Meat Handbook (4th ed. 1984); D. Price, Beef, Production, Science and Economics, Application, and Reality (1985); J. Ubaldi and E. Grossman, Jack Ubaldi's Meat Book (1987).

References in periodicals archive ?
Among major categories of illnesses studied separately, disorders associated with repeated motion, vibration, or pressure were by far the most significant for manufacturing in general and for meatpacking in particular.
Home to numerous national retailers and boutique fashion brands, the Meatpacking District is one of the most desirable destinations in Manhattan for shopping, tourism and entertainment.
Seventy-nine occupations were selected to represent the various skills and pay levels in meatpacking and prepared meat products plants.
type=7431) online for those who are interested in a luxurious night out with the meatpacking crowd.
Anti-Immigration Reform and Reductions in Welfare: Evidence from the Meatpacking Industry Thomas P.
By day, Manhattan's Meatpacking District is populated by laborers and delivery trucks, but at night, the neighborhood becomes the playground of stylish club-goers, musicians, dancers, prostitutes, and crews shooting films and fashion spreads.
And now, the Meatpacking District Improvement Association has decided to wipe away the stones in a non-profit 500,000-dollar overhaul.
Richard Skulnik, a broker at Ripco Real Estate who specializes in properties in the Meatpacking District, said mainstream retailers recognize they need to be near the High Line.
Floor-to-ceiling windows offer a panoramic view of the Hudson River and the Meatpacking District.
A pair of Iowa senators has revived legislation to challenge the dominance that the nation's largest meatpacking companies hold over that market, offering a bill that would ban those companies from buying livestock in an effort to eliminate what the lawmakers contend are practices that gouge small farmers and ranchers.
Available now: Soho & Nolita, The Meatpacking District and West Village
His primary intention was to expose dangerous working conditions in the meatpacking houses.