is linked closely to strong surface-based instability (such as solar heating or cold air passing over warm terrain), strong pressure gradients, and speed shear and directional shear in the lowest mile of the atmosphere.
is usually worst down low, although mountain waves can propagate into the flight levels.
However, it is difficult for mechanical turbulence
process to distribute the microparticles evenly in the matrix while avoiding agglomeration or clustering due to high surface-to-volume ratio and low wetting in the molten metal.
The complexity of the local terrain and how it creates four unique wind patterns that can generate severe mechanical turbulence
at times, provides pilots with very tough challenges."
The bubbles emerging from the lower tube influence heat transfer rates for the tube above it due to additional mechanical turbulence
. This investigation pertains to modification in an earlier nucleate pool boiling heat transfer correlation developed by this author.
With the increase in mean wind speed nationwide, mechanical turbulence becomes an everyday hazard.
Mechanical turbulence occurs due to strong low-level winds interacting with the terrain, producing strong vertical shear (gradients of wind speed).
* Focus your route selections on avoiding areas and seasons most prone to both atmospheric and mechanical turbulence
, including mountains, high desert in the summer and fall, and over water.
This process produces extensive mechanical turbulence
and low-level wind shear from the ground up to about 5000 feet.
Do you know your CAT from your mechanical turbulence
occurs when strong winds interact with objects on the ground.
An unstable atmosphere with thermals and convection will add thermal turbulence to the mechanical turbulence
of the chinook.