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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a group of Soviet philosophers of the mid-1920’s and early 1930’s.

The mechanists equated dialectics with modern mechanics and created a distinctive “mechanist” conception of epistemology, logic, and historical materialism. The group included I. I. Skvortsov-Stepanov, A. K. Timiriazev, L. I. Aksel’rod-Ortodoks, V. M. Sarab’ianov, and V. A. Petrov. N. I. Bukharin, who laid claim to the leadership of the sociological school, allied himself with the mechanists. The ideas, of the mechanists were based on the introduction of positivist ideas into Marxist philosophy. The mechanists denied the independent role of philosophy, substituted the theory of equilibrium for dialectics, and denied the objective nature of contingency.

The views of the mechanists were criticized at several scholarly conferences and in public debates. In 1929, the All-Union Conference of Marxist-Leninist Scientific Institutions declared that mechanism was a distinctive revision of dialectical materialism (see Estestvoznanie i marksizm, 1929, no. 3, p. 211). The resolution of the Central Committee of the ACP(B) of Jan. 25, 1931, On the Journal Pod znamenem marksizma, defined mechanism as the most dangerous influence on the philosophical theory of those years.

In the early 1930’s, the principal representatives of the mechanist group renounced and criticized their erroneous views.


“O zhurnale Pod znamenen marksizma: Iz postanovleniia TsK VKP(B)” In O partiinoi i sovetskoi pechati. Moscow, 1954.
Narskii, I. S., and L. N. Suvorov. Pozitivizm i mekhanisticheskaia reviziia marksizma. Moscow, 1962.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although mechanicism is not a homogeneous program, and authors diverge in some respects (cf., e.g., Machamer, Darden and Craver (henceforth, MDC) 2000, Bechtel and Abrahamsen 2005, and Craver 2007a for a survey), most mechanist philosophers share certain tenets with regard to theorization, explanation and lawfulness.
The third point of importance for Geymonat is Lenin's frequently expressed desire to distinguish between his version of materialism and mechanist or naive materialism, characterized by a rigid conception of the truth that is attributed to knowledge.
Other delegation members are senior team coach Abdulla Jaber, youth team coach Mohammed Fadhel, junior team coach Naji Ahmed, mechanist Mohammed Hussain and physiotherapist/masseur Jamal Yousef.
The Polish Don Quixote is a theater mechanist, in green overalls, working backstage in a puppet theater with his assistant Sancho.
Geison, "The Protoplasmic Theory of Life and the Vitalist Mechanist Debate," Isis 60 (1969), 284.
This skepticism may be traced as least as far back as the sixteenth century when attempts were made to explain everything in rational, even mechanist terms, referring to God as watchmaker or Supreme Engineer, who had set the universe in order but did not concern Himself with ordinary human activity.
Created by ex-Bliss Spa's Marcia Kilgore and senior lecturing Bio mechanist Dr David Cook, the FitFlop promises inch-loss, and these shoes claim to help with back pain and leg swelling.
He argues that a crucial difference between the conceptual systems of Europe and the United States is to be found in the fact that the European metaphoric model is organic and that of the United States is mechanist. (33) According to Gorer, the European model and discourse refers mainly to the rhetorical and vocabulary innovations of the French Revolution.
In Sterling's bestiary they alone are produced by hypertropism of Shaper genetics and Mechanist cybernetics, encased in a cybernetic shell after undergoing preparatory genetic transformations for motives only they can comprehend, although those seem to include feeding off the high they get from tuning into incomprehensible frequencies in the electromagnetic spectrum.
GARRICK, through their friends in England, for his assistance and advice, respecting the conduct of it: In consequence of which, he sent them over the best dramatic works in our language, together with complete setts of scenery, under the care of an ingenious young Mechanist from Drury-lane, whom he recommended to superintend that department.
In fact, Newton was a mechanist. He then discovered, to his dismay, that in fact there are no machines but rather mystical forces like 'action at distance.' He spent the rest of his life to find he called the 'subtle ether' that would establish interaction from contact.

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