# median

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## median.

1 In statistics, a type of averageaverage,
number used to represent or characterize a group of numbers. The most common type of average is the arithmetic mean. See median; mode.
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. In a group of numbers as many numbers of the group are larger than the median as are smaller. In the group 4, 5, 6, 9, 13, 14, 19, the median is 9, three numbers being larger and three smaller. When there is an even number of numerals in the group, the median is usually defined as the number halfway between the middle pair. 2 In geometry, the line segment connecting any vertex of a triangle to the midpoint of the opposite side; the three medians of a triangle intersect in a single point, called the median point, or centroid. The median of a trapezoid is the line segment connecting the midpoints of the nonparalled opposite sides.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

## median

see MEASURES OF CENTRAL TENDENCY.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

## Median

in geometry, the line segment joining a vertex of a triangle to the midpoint of the opposite side. The three medians of a triangle are concurrent. Their common point is called the centroid of the triangle. The centroid of a triangle cut out of material of uniform density is the center of gravity. It is also the center of gravity of a system of three equal masses situated at the vertices of the triangle. The medians of a triangle divide one another in the ratio 2:1 reckoning from the vertex to the base.

## Median

in probability theory, one of the characteristics of the distribution of values of a random variable. For a random variable X with continuous distribution function F(x), the median m is defined as the root of the equation The random variable X assumes values larger than m with probability ½ and values smaller than m with the same probability.

In mathematical statistics, the median of an ordered sequence of n quantities x1x2 ≤ • • • ≤ xn is either xk, if n is odd and equal to 2k + 1, or (xk + xk+1)/2, if n is even and equal to 2k. As an estimate of the median for independent observations of a random variable X, we take the median of the ordered sequence constructed from the results of the observations.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

## median

[′mē·dē·ən]
(mathematics)
Any line in a triangle which joins a vertex to the midpoint of the opposite side.
The line that joins the midpoints of the nonparallel sides of a trapezoid. Also known as midline.
(science and technology)
Located in the middle.
(statistics)
An average of a series of quantities or values; specifically, the quantity or value of that item which is so positioned in the series, when arranged in order of numerical quantity or value, that there are an equal number of items of greater magnitude and lesser magnitude.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

## median

1. Biology of or relating to the plane that divides an organism or organ into symmetrical parts
2. Geometry
a. a straight line joining one vertex of a triangle to the midpoint of the opposite side
b. a straight line joining the midpoints of the nonparallel sides of a trapezium
3. Canadian the strip, often covered with grass, that separates the two sides of a highway
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The idea that the hypothalamus is the source of humoral factors that support the functions of anterior pituitary cells came from the fact that grafts of anterior pituitary tissues remained functional when transplanted to the median eminence, but not when transplanted to other regions of the brain (e.g., temporal lobe of cerebrum) or in the highly vascularized renal capsule.
Ananteris dorae can be readily distinguished from both species since in the former the anterior margin of the carapace is weakly, evenly concave and lacking median eminence (Fig.
As the median eminence is in contact with areas of the body outside the blood-brain barrier, researchers think it may be detecting chemicals in the blood, and transferring signals about the condition of the body into the hypothalamus, which can then make decisions about eating.
The other mechanism is the inhibitory effect of orexin on the GnRH-secreting neurons at the median eminence (ME), as it is suggested that a subset of GnRH neurons responsible for episodic GnRH, and hence LH secretion, is located within the medial basal hypothalamus (MBH) (Boukhliq et al., 1999).
Alternate cadmium exposure differentially affects amino acid metabolism within the hypethalamus, median eminence, striatum and prefrontal cortex of male rats.

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