Mediastinitis


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Related to Mediastinitis: Fibrosing Mediastinitis

mediastinitis

[‚mē·dē‚as·tə′nīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the mediastinum.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mediastinitis

 

inflammation of the mediastinum, arising as a result of injury (most often, to the esophagus) or disease of the organs of the thoracic cavity, neck, and oral cavity.

Mediastinitis may be acute or chronic. The acute form is manifested by elevated temperature, chills, chest pains, difficulty in swallowing and breathing, and cough. The principal indications of chronic mediastinitis are symptoms of venous, tracheal, and esophageal compression. The treatment of mediastinitis is usually surgical. Preventive measures include timely diagnosis and effective treatment of the diseases that lead to the condition.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Of the above mentioned options, in our case, conservative therapy was not possible due to advanced mediastinitis, consequent septic shock, stricture and large perforation.
Postoperative mediastinitis classification and management.
In addition to perforation, delay is associated with a high mortality rate.12 When the literature is examined, conservative approaches yield a mortality of 25% in cases with mediastinitis and 18% in cases treated surgically.
Thoracic aortic pseudoa neurysm after esophageal perforation and mediastinitis caused by acci dental ingestion of a mutton bone: a case report on staged endoscopic and endovascular treatments.
Fibrosing mediastinitis manifesting as thoracic prevertebral thin band-like mass on MRI and PET-CT.
Infectious complications (mediastinitis, pneumonia, pericarditis, cyst infection, and sepsis) after EBUS-TBNA were rare with the incidence of 0.19%, among them, mediastinitis was accounted for 0.10% of these cases.[2] Symptoms of mediastinal abscess were nonspecific including fever, new productive cough, chest pain, hemoptysis, shortness of breath, and arrhythmia.
A compression of mediastinal structures in the case of fibrosing mediastinitis can lead to the formation of downhill varices [7, 14].
Purulent pericarditis is a rare subset of bacterial pericarditis that is characterized by gross or microscopic purulence in the pericardium and most commonly develops from direct contiguous spread of an intrathoracic infection (such as pneumonia or mediastinitis) or intracardiac source and less commonly via hematogenous spread.
There are many causes of hiccups including gastric distention, aerophagia, ventriculoperitoneal shunts, hydrocephalus, multiple sclerosis, strokes, epidural or subdural hematomas, diffuse axonal injury, cerebral contusions, encephalitis, meningitis, brain abscesses, neurosyphilis, laryngitis, pharyngitis, irritation of the tympanic membrane, retropharyngeal abscess, peritonsillar abscesses, mediastinitis, esophagitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, myocardial infarction, pericarditis, aortic aneurysms, pericarditis, misplaced pacemaker wires, small bowel obstruction, perihepatitis, subphrenic abscess, goiter, tumor or cyst of the neck, barbiturates, steroids, methyldopa, and electrolyte abnormalities [1-4].