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in law, type of intervention in which the disputing parties accept the offer of a third party to recommend a solution for their controversy. Mediation has long been a part of international law, frequently involving the use of an international commission, in a process known as by conciliation. Mediation differs from arbitration in being a diplomatic rather than a judicial procedure; thus, the parties to the dispute are not bound to accept the mediator's recommendation. Resort to mediation has become increasingly frequent, both for internal and international disputes. The Declaration of Paris (1856) expressed the hope that the signatories would ask for mediation in their disputes. At the Second Hague Conference (1907), the right of friendly powers to offer mediation was recognized. The Covenant of the League of Nations provided that the whole League, acting through the League Council, should offer conciliation, and the Charter of the United Nations requires all members to submit disputes to mediation on recommendation of the Security Council. Mediation has been successful in many cases of international conflict. The United States served as mediator between Bolivia and Chile (1882) and between Russia and Japan (1905). The United Nations served as a mediator in the conflict in IsraelIsrael
, officially State of Israel, republic (2015 est. pop. 8,065,000, including Israelis in occupied Arab territories), 7,992 sq mi (20,700 sq km), SW Asia, on the Mediterranean Sea.
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 in 1948. In 1966, the Soviet Union mediated the border clashes between India and China. The Secretary-General of the United Nations mediated successfully in several international disputes, particularly that over Netherlands New Guinea (see PapuaPapua
or Irian Jaya
, province (2014 est pop. 3,486,000), 123,180 sq mi (319,036 sq km), Indonesia. Comprising most of the western half of New Guinea and a number of offshore islands, it is Indonesia's largest province; the extreme western peninsulas and offshore
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). Mediation has become increasingly important for internal disagreements as well, particularly in labor disputes. In the United States, the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service works toward a healthy relationship between labor and management, mediating disputes where necessary and promoting collective bargaining. Many state and local governments in the U.S. have similar organizations, each generally having the power to intervene when the public interest appears to be in jeopardy. National mediation services are also common in other nations, particularly among the Western democracies.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in international law, a form of peaceful settlement of disputes between states by means of negotiations with the participation of a third state, the mediator, on the basis of conditions advanced by the mediator. Mediation differs from good offices in that the mediator suggests specific proposals to serve as the basis of negotiations and of the settlement of the disputes.

The procedure of mediation is regulated by the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907 and the Charter of the United Nations (art. 33). According to the UN Charter, various conventions, and current practice, the mediator may offer his services upon the request of the disputing parties, upon his own initiative, or upon the initiative of powers not party to the dispute. There have been times when the Soviet government has accepted the mediation of other states and has itself been a mediator. For instance, in 1945 the USSR accepted the mediation of the French provisional government in negotiations with Switzerland on the status of persons interned during the war.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
As you have witnessed that soon after President Trump announced to play a mediatory role, different segments of Indian media started panicking and making all sorts of allegations.
Research theoretical model shows the impact of the social network on the aspects of innovative behavior with the mediatory role of sharing mistakes.
Wakil's mediatory roles can end herders/farmers crises in your state, which have clearly assumed terrorism traits.
In regard to the mediatory role job satisfaction plays in the relationship between psychological work climate and turnover intentions.
Speaking to Today's Zaman in an exclusive interview, Ambassador Danilo Vucetic explained that it was Davutoy-lu who asked Serbian President Tomislav Nikolic to play a mediatory role between Turkey and Russia during a two-day visit to the Balkan country in December.
HAL's vigilance wing concluded that hiring and paying mediatory was in violation of the defence ministry's procurement rules, and recommended a CBI probe.
In particular, Origen's teachings regarding the distinct hypostasis of the Son, the Son's divine nature in relation to the Father, the Son's mediatory role, and the importance of the incarnate Son's freedom would all become reference points for future theologians.
Kumtor Operating Company is a mediatory company, which vanishes millions of money for business trips and others, they actually govern everything using insiders.
As part of their continued strike, DEOK union members have decided to demonstrate outside the offices of the Association of Building Contractors (OSEOK) in Nicosia next week."We will continue our battle until there is a just and respectable renewal of the collective agreements," DEOK general secretary Diomidis Diomidou stated.A statement from DEOK criticised fellow unions SEK and PEO for accepting Labour Minister Sotiroulla Charalmbous' proposal on Thursday without consulting with them first."The 300 striking workers of DEOK who were present at a nationwide emergency meeting unanimously disagreed with the hasty decision by the leaders of SEK and PEO to accept the minister's new mediatory proposal," the statement said.
Iran's foreign policy with respect to all regional conflicts was based on support for mediatory efforts aimed at establishing peace and stability in the region, conflict resolutions, as well as dialogue between the parties.
TOKYO/SHANGHAI, Mar 28, 2011 (TUR) -- One of leading newspapers in Japan said that Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu was eager to have a mediatory role in Libya.
Around Friday afternoon, when former Indian foreign secretary Shyam Saran was readying to leave for New Delhi after wrapping up his three-day mediatory trip to Nepal as Manmohan Singh's envoy, Sharma said he received a call from a man who described himself as Das from the Indian consular service and threatened to abduct him if he did not mend his ways.