surveillance

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surveillance

close observation or supervision maintained over a person, group, etc., esp one in custody or under suspicion

surveillance

the monitoring, and the associated direct or indirect forms of supervision and superintendence by the modern STATE, of the activities of its citizens. The capacity for surveillance possessed by modern NATION STATES has increased compared with those available to earlier forms of state, as the result of spectacular improvements in techniques for the collection and storage of INFORMATION and equally striking improvements in means of transport and communications.

For FOUCAULT, in Discipline and Punish (1975), the ‘disciplinary power’ of modern societies is an all-pervasive feature of these societies and a predominant feature of administrative power within them. Remedial and CARCERAL ORGANIZATIONS, which remove human liberty are not more than extreme forms of a generalized tendency to heightened surveillance within these societies.

Foucault's emphasis is disputed by many however. Our heightened awareness of, and concern about, situations in which some individuals are subject to loss of liberty reflects the new importance of a concern for liberty within modern societies and the many areas of life in which liberties have increased. Nonetheless, few dispute that – for good and for ill – surveillance and control are an important characteristic of modern societies and the modern state. Compare ORIENTAL DESPOTISM, ABSOLUTISM. See also SEQUESTRATION, TOTALITARIANISM.

surveillance

[sər′vā·ləns]
(engineering)
Systematic observation of air, surface, or subsurface areas or volumes by visual, electronic, photographic, or other means, for intelligence or other purposes.

surveillance

The systematic observation of airspace, surface or subsurface areas, places, persons, or things, by visual, aural, electronic, photographic, or other means.

surveillance

Monitoring people's actions and behavior either via camera or by tracking financial transactions. Surveillance is performed by governments for the protection of its people such as detecting criminals or for the preservation of an authoritarian administration. See connected camera, CCTV, network camera, facial recognition and sousveillance.
References in periodicals archive ?
A medical surveillance program that uses this information will be able to successfully monitor the health of potentially exposed workers, especially if it employs biomarker testing as part of the exam protocol.
The univariate analysis shows significant differences in medians between groups for origin, disability grades and medical surveillance. As shown in Table 2, further statistical testing with quantile regression on the 75th centile, indicates an independent statistically significant association for land of origin and medical surveillance.
Workplace controls must be coupled with a medical surveillance programme.
The Hearing Conservation Program (HCP) is the most recognizable medical surveillance program on board submarines.
The safety of these workers would be monitored through medical surveillance and regular consultations.
Her family members have no symptoms but have been put under medical surveillance. The source of the infection is being investigated.
The 143rd Transportation Command, from Orlando, Fla., is the first recipient of the CASPOD package which includes chemical detectors, sensors, protective masks and suits, computer systems, a medical network and software for medical surveillance, and decontamination shelters.
Both programs implemented versions of the Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics (ESSENCE) IV for medical surveillance and required evaluation within these environments.
Heart problems complicated the initial infection, requiring "important treatment and a rigorous medical surveillance", the palace said.
The DOE is seeking applications for a cooperative agreement to fund a medical evaluation program that will serve all former DOE workers nationwide and will incorporate activities currently performed under the Former Worker Medical Screening Program and the Former Beryllium Worker Medical Surveillance Program.
As a result, refugee claimants, and those denied refugee status, are not under medical surveillance yet may remain in Canada for several months or years.

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