surveillance

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surveillance

close observation or supervision maintained over a person, group, etc., esp one in custody or under suspicion

surveillance

the monitoring, and the associated direct or indirect forms of supervision and superintendence by the modern STATE, of the activities of its citizens. The capacity for surveillance possessed by modern NATION STATES has increased compared with those available to earlier forms of state, as the result of spectacular improvements in techniques for the collection and storage of INFORMATION and equally striking improvements in means of transport and communications.

For FOUCAULT, in Discipline and Punish (1975), the ‘disciplinary power’ of modern societies is an all-pervasive feature of these societies and a predominant feature of administrative power within them. Remedial and CARCERAL ORGANIZATIONS, which remove human liberty are not more than extreme forms of a generalized tendency to heightened surveillance within these societies.

Foucault's emphasis is disputed by many however. Our heightened awareness of, and concern about, situations in which some individuals are subject to loss of liberty reflects the new importance of a concern for liberty within modern societies and the many areas of life in which liberties have increased. Nonetheless, few dispute that – for good and for ill – surveillance and control are an important characteristic of modern societies and the modern state. Compare ORIENTAL DESPOTISM, ABSOLUTISM. See also SEQUESTRATION, TOTALITARIANISM.

surveillance

[sər′vā·ləns]
(engineering)
Systematic observation of air, surface, or subsurface areas or volumes by visual, electronic, photographic, or other means, for intelligence or other purposes.

surveillance

The systematic observation of airspace, surface or subsurface areas, places, persons, or things, by visual, aural, electronic, photographic, or other means.
References in periodicals archive ?
In: NATO Medical Surveillance and Response, Research and Technology Opportunities and Options.
People who are under medical surveillance, had a 29-point higher participation score compared to those not under medical surveillance for their leprosy.
All workers exposed to respiratory irritants in the workplace should be subjected to a medical surveillance programme.
Vaccine safety in the military will be collected though the Defense Medical Surveillance System, a collaboration between the Department of Defense and the Food and Drug Administration.
DH was actively tracing students and teachers who might have been in contact with the contracted students and would offer treatment to and necessary medical surveillance for those in need.
Abu Zaid added that medical surveillance teams along the border between Egypt and Israel have been set up since last week to inspect what crosses over.
Publication of Medical Surveillance for Health Care Workers Exposed to Hazardous Drugs
One of them underwent a surgery and his condition is now stable while the other is under medical surveillance," he said, adding "so far the organization behind the attack could not be identified.
They review current published research results from cellular and animal studies, in vivo carcino-genesis, risk modeling, uranium measurement methodologies, medical surveillance programs, and environmental monitoring.
The Hearing Conservation Program (HCP) is the most recognizable medical surveillance program on board submarines.
The safety of these workers would be monitored through medical surveillance and regular consultations.
Her family members have no symptoms but have been put under medical surveillance.

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