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Med any sensation or change in bodily function experienced by a patient that is associated with a particular disease



an indication of a phenomenon, for example, of a disease. Many types of symptoms are distinguished in medicine. Constitutional symptoms characterize diseases of varying genesis and include weakness and increases in body temperature. Pathognomonic symptoms indicate a definite nosologic form; a stabbing pain in the epigastric region, for example, is typical of a perforating gastric ulcer. Subjective symptoms are only revealed upon questioning the individual, and objective symptoms are readily observable through examination, palpation, percussion, auscultation, and laboratory and instrumental diagnostic methods. Signal symptoms are the precursors of a disease. They include early symptoms, such as chest pains with pneumonia, and late symptoms, such as peritoneal irritation with cholecystitis.

A disease is said to be atypical if its characteristic symptoms are absent from the very beginning; an example of an atypical disease is the painless form of myocardial infarction. Modern therapeutic measures and protective inoculations can substantially alter the symptoms of a disease and even cause them to disappear. Diagnosis and prognosis are based on a knowledge of all of the symptoms of a disease.


A phenomenon of physical or mental disorder or disturbance which leads to complaints on the part of the patient.
References in periodicals archive ?
Treating patients with medically unexplained symptoms in primary care, j Gen Intern Med.
Medically unexplained symptoms in frequent attendees of secondary health care: retrospective cohort study.
The treatment of patients with medically unexplained symptoms in primary care: A review of the literature.
Effectiveness of a time-limited cognitive behavior therapy type intervention among primary care patients with medically unexplained symptoms.
Previous literature indicates that medically unexplained symptoms often arise without concurrent depression or anxiety, with at least a third of such patients having somatisation alone.
KEY WORDS Somatoform disorders; physical symptoms [non-MESH]; medically unexplained symptoms [non-MESH]; worried well ]non-MESH].
In a controlled study involving 191 patients presenting to primary care clinics with medically unexplained symptoms, Dr.
Medically unexplained symptoms, somatisation and bodily distress; developing better clinical services.
Medically unexplained symptoms and illness present a clinical challenge in primary, secondary, and tertiary health care because of patient suffering, often poor response to intervention and subsequent functional disability, and inordinate utilization of medical services.
Among the topics are whether physicians and psychiatrists should also be ethnographers, anthropological perspectives on the biomedically defined problems of patient delay, healing and recovering as a social process among patients with medically unexplained symptoms, and confronting the new medical realities of a hospitalized end of life.
Keywords: Difficult patients, high utilizers, medically unexplained symptoms, doctor/ patient relationship, health care utilization

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