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1. the conduct of the affairs of government
2. the executive branch of government along with the public service; the government as a whole
3. Chiefly US the political executive, esp of the US; the government
4. Chiefly US a government board, agency, authority, etc.
5. Property law
a. the conduct or disposal of the estate of a deceased person
b. the management by a trustee of an estate subject to a trust
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) Management or direction.

(2) Formal bureaucratic management, conducted merely by orders and edicts; a commanding that ignores the role of the masses in the management of socialist production.



(1) In the broad sense, administration refers to all the managerial activities of a state, which Marx called “the organizational activity of the state” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 1, p. 440). The state administration of the USSR consists of the executive agencies of the state which exercise managerial functions—that is, the day-to-day management of economic, social, cultural, administrative, and political development in the Soviet socialist state.

(2) In the narrower sense, administration refers to the officials of an institution or enterprise. For instance, the director of an enterprise and his deputies or the head of a higher educational institution and his deputies constitute the administration of the enterprise or higher educational institution, respectively.

The actions of Soviet administration are governed by law. The general legal principles governing the actions of the state administration are set forth in the USSR Constitution and the constitutions of the Union and autonomous republics. The legal status and the competence of administrations of enterprises and institutions are specified in the charter of the institution. The Party organization in CPSU enterprises have the right, in conformity with the rules of the CPSU, to monitor the actions of the administration (art. 59). The work of administration is greatly assisted by the trade union organizations or enterprises and institutions, by permanent production conferences, and other organizations. The relations between different levels of administration are based on the principles of democratic centralism.

Every administration is invested with the necessary rights to fulfill the duties it is charged with—for instance, the right to issue acts of administration, to hire and dismiss workers and employees, and to reward and discipline subordinates. The administration of an institution or enterprise represents its interests with respect to outside parties. It concludes agreements, pleads in court, and represents the institution or enterprise in arbitration and other state agencies as well as in public organizations.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The systematic approach for safe medication administration traditionally includes the 5 Rights Method.
The study is one of the limited number of researches related to patient-safety approach to practice by nursing students in Turkey, and identifies the frequency of medication administration errors in this group as well as the causes of errors, emotions of students after errors and error reportings.
Characteristics of work interruptions during medication administration. Journal of Nursing Scholarship: an official publication of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing/Sigma Theta Tau, 41(4), 330-336.
It is a remarkable outcome that the rates of medication administration errors are still high despite the emphasis on the system approach in the studies performed in the last 20 years (3,6,7,8,9).
However, Conti and Gauntlett Beare (1988) conceded poor performance on medication calculation tests alone is not a reliable predictor of those most likely to make a medication administration error.
Many more opportunities for distraction and interruptions occur that cause delayed medication administration.
A large survey of nurses in the US sought to identify nurses perceptions of causes of medication administration error.
Qualified Medication Administration Personnel (QMAPs) do not have a license or certification and pass medications.
For example, medication may be dispensed from an RFID-enabled cabinet where an RFID chip reads what was taken and then updates the inventory, while the bar-coded medication label is scanned by the nurse to ensure safe medication administration at the bedside.
All processes related to medication administration should be evaluated for safety and prioritized for quality improvement as the need arises.
It is designed to help nurses and nursing students with medication administration and management, which are key nursing roles."
Most nursing homes still depend on an antiquated system: paper-based charts and records, including the medication administration record (MAR), that are handwritten for each medication administration event for each resident.

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