medulloblastoma


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medulloblastoma

[mə‚dəl·ə·bla′stō·mə]
(medicine)
A malignant neoplasm of the brain with a tendency to metastasize in the meninges.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Swifty Foundation was founded by Michael Gustafson and his parents, Patti and Al Gustafson, before he passed away at age 15 from recurrent medulloblastoma. Michael is described by his dad as being an "affectionate tough guy with a great sense of humor".
Detection of mitochondrial DNA mutations in the tumor and cerebrospinal fluid of medulloblastoma patients.
It is also important to eat well, exercise regularly and always go for check-ups." readability="8 class="MsoNormalFact Box class="MsoNormalDesmoplastic medulloblastoma is an embryonal neural tumour that arises in the cerebellum of the brain.
The study's findings, published today in The Lancet Oncology, also shows that many youngsters with medulloblastoma could avoid unnecessary doses of chemotherapy and radiotherapy with less toxic side effects.
The approximate mean annual incidence of pediatric CNS tumors in Sergipe was 22.4 cases per 1,000,000 children and adolescents per year, using the 2010 census data, with th pilocytic astrocytomas being the most frequent tumors counting with 5.25 Cases per million, followed by brainstem glioma, with 3.95 cases per million, in addition to craniopharyngioma, medulloblastoma and ependymoma with 1.97 cases per million each.
A study conducted by researchers of the "Hopp-Children's Cancer Center at the NCT Heidelberg (KiTZ)" together with colleagues from the Institute Curie (Orsay, France) and the University Hospital Dsseldorf discovered a novel signal transducer promoting medulloblastoma growth.
KAUAI, HAWAII -- Every child diagnosed with medulloblastoma deserves a careful dermatologic evaluation for possible comorbid basal cell nevus syndrome, according to Jennifer Huang, MD, a pediatric dermatologist at Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School.
Medulloblastoma (MB) is the most common malignancy of the brain in children and can be triggered by predisposing syndromes.
Among infratentorial group, 9 (60%) patients had medulloblastoma features with 7 (77.8%) patients having high grade and 2 (22.2%) patients have low grade.
One-year survival rate was worst for grade 3 and 4 astrocytomas (67% and 39.4% respectively), medulloblastoma (0%) and primitive neuroectodermal tumours (50%) while surgical outcomes were poor with a score less than 70 on the Karnofsky performance scale for craniophayngiomas, ependymomas and oligodendrogliomas.
Ober, "Medulloblastoma in adults: Treatment results and prognostic factors," International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics, vol.
Medulloblastoma is a malignant brain tumor (WHO grade IV) that is thought to arise from stem cells located in the subependymal matrix or the external granular layer (EGL) of the cerebellum [1].