This syndrome is characterized by progressive infant encephalopathy, developmental delay, dementia, autism, ataxia, microcephaly, spastic paraparesis, and autonomic neuropathy. Melanosis coli
is a common endoscopic finding related to the use of anthracene-containing laxatives.[2,3] Often, reticular areas are not stained because of the variation in pigment deposition.
One report described necrotic pseudoxanthomatous nodules of the ovary in patients with ovarian endometriosis. In another report, a patient with squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix developed "pigmentosis tubae," thought to be due to cellular damage caused by radiotherapy and considered to be similar to melanosis coli
. In another article, the authors suggested their patients had a form of old endometriosis rather than salpingitis.