chloasma

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chloasma

[klō′az·mə]
(medicine)
Patchy tan, brown, and black hyperpigmentation, especially on the brow and cheek; of unknown cause, but may be due to the action of sunshine upon perfume or to endocrinopathy.
References in periodicals archive ?
En un estudio en el que se uso extracto oleoso de la mora (25), la severidad del melasma fue evaluada usando el indice de MASI y lecturas con el mexametro.
Light microscopic findings of melasma include increased deposit of melanin in the epidermis and dermis or both when compared with adjacent normal skin and mild perivascular lymphohistiocytic infiltrates [5, 6].
She noted that melasma is neither hereditary nor an autoimmune disease and is not influenced by the psychological state of the patient.
The physician diagnosed terra firma-forme dermatosis (TFFD) in this patient, noting the "dirty brown coloration" and distribution that did not suggest post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation or melasma. TFFD is a rare and benign form of acquired hyperpigmentation characterized by "velvety, pigmented patches or plaques." (1) A simple bedside test, known as an "alcohol wipe test," both confirms and treats TFFD; it involves rubbing the affected area with a 70% isopropyl alcohol pad.
His approach to treating melasma is to begin with a KTP laser or a gentle IPL if discrete lesions or telangiectasia are present.
Methods: We used a cross-sectional study design, conducting a clinical examination and collecting questionnaires from93 Javanese women with melasma.
Melasma is a skin condition which brings out brown blotches on the sufferer's skin.
The cosmetology services available at the clinic include filler injection for skin rejuvenation; toxin injection for treatment of wrinkles and excess sweating; platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for skin and hair; mesotherapy - skin rejuvenation and hair falling; DermaPen for skin rejuvenation and acne scars; thread lifting; chemical peeling for treatment of melasma, acne vulgaris, aging spots, freckles, and lentigines; microdermabrasion; laser hair removal; and fractional C02 laser for rejuvenation and acne scars.
Melasma is the condition that most commonly causes skin pigmentation.
Melasma, which may be symmetric or asymmetric, is an acquired pigmentary disorder characterized by hyperpigmented macules and/or patches affecting sun-exposed skin [1-4].
The first publication regarding the use of tranexamic acid to treat melasma was in 1979, and the mechanism for preventing the activation of melanocytes has been highly regarded ever since because of its efficacy [2, 3].
"For example, if melasma has been caused by your Pill, it won't magically go away once you stop using it."