membrane forces

membrane forces

Direct and shear forces that act entirely within a thin concrete shell.
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References in periodicals archive ?
As with Pro, the optimization uses all of the FEA computed shell element in-plane membrane forces, out of plane transverse shear forces, and bending moments.
For any plate problem described by a fourth-order partial differential equation or coupled with two second-order equations in the presence of membrane forces, the classical plate equation and two Poisson equations serve as substitute equations.
n],--stress in direction; N-matrix of membrane forces; M-matrix of bending moments; A-mid-plain strains to membrane forces relation; B-coupling between bending and membrane load; D-curvatures to bending moments relation; [epsilon]--mid-plane; [kappa]--curvatures; [Q.

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