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see herringherring,
common name for members of the large, widely distributed family Clupeidae, comprising many species of marine and freshwater food fishes, including the sardine (Sardinia), the menhaden (Brevoortia and Ethmidium), and the shad (Alosa).
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References in periodicals archive ?
Menhaden (Family Clupeidae, Genus Brevoortia) are high fecundity, filter-feeding marine teleost fish that are considered to be one of the most economically and ecologically important species in North America [1].
Systematics of the North American menhadens: molecular evolutionary reconstructions in the genus Brevoortia (Clupeiformes: Clupeidae).
Haplotype phylogenies generated with both the M-L method and the N-J cluster method indicated three divergent lineages of menhadens (Fig.
Menhaden flesh is high in protein (Dubrow et al., 1976) and rich in marine oils and fatty acids (Joseph, 1985).
Laboratory studies suggest that other bay fish, such as Atlantic menhaden, are susceptible to multiple species of mycobacteria (6) similar to the variety of types isolated from infections in wild striped bass (2-4).
Gulf menhaden (Brevoortia patronus) spawn in offshore marine waters and juvenile development occurs in nearshore nursery areas.
During fall and winter Atlantic menhaden migrate south around the North Carolina capes, and support a temporal segment of the purse-seine fishery called the Fall Fishery (Smith et al., 1987; Smith, 1999).
Large and small Bluefish also consumed a variety of fishes--Atlantic Menhaden (0.9-6.4%), anchovies (17.1-42.2%), Northern Puffer (0-6.0%), Weakfish (3.8-22.2%), UID and other fish species (33.3-41.7%)--and squids (4.8-9.0%) but consumed less mysids, rock crabs, and decapod crustaceans than did the multispecies group.
Abstract--Atlantic menhaden (Brevoortia tyrannus), through landings, support one of the largest commercial fisheries in the United States.