Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico menhadens
, genus Brevoortia (Pisces: Clupeidae).
(Family Clupeidae, Genus Brevoortia) are high fecundity, filter-feeding marine teleost fish that are considered to be one of the most economically and ecologically important species in North America .
Systematics of the North American menhadens
: molecular evolutionary reconstructions in the genus Brevoortia (Clupeiformes: Clupeidae).
Life history of menhadens
in the eastern Gulf of Mexico.
Haplotype phylogenies generated with both the M-L method and the N-J cluster method indicated three divergent lineages of menhadens
flesh is high in protein (Dubrow et al., 1976) and rich in marine oils and fatty acids (Joseph, 1985).
Laboratory studies suggest that other bay fish, such as Atlantic menhaden
, are susceptible to multiple species of mycobacteria (6) similar to the variety of types isolated from infections in wild striped bass (2-4).
(Brevoortia patronus) spawn in offshore marine waters and juvenile development occurs in nearshore nursery areas.
During fall and winter Atlantic menhaden
migrate south around the North Carolina capes, and support a temporal segment of the purse-seine fishery called the Fall Fishery (Smith et al., 1987; Smith, 1999).
Large and small Bluefish also consumed a variety of fishes--Atlantic Menhaden
(0.9-6.4%), anchovies (17.1-42.2%), Northern Puffer (0-6.0%), Weakfish (3.8-22.2%), UID and other fish species (33.3-41.7%)--and squids (4.8-9.0%) but consumed less mysids, rock crabs, and decapod crustaceans than did the multispecies group.
(Brevoortia tyrannus), through landings, support one of the largest commercial fisheries in the United States.