spina bifida

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spina bifida

a congenital condition in which the meninges of the spinal cord protrude through a gap in the backbone, sometimes causing enlargement of the skull (due to accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid) and paralysis

spina bifida

[¦spī·nə ′bī·fəd·ə]
(medicine)
A congenital anomaly characterized by defective closure of the vertebral canal with herniation of the spinal cord meninges.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bruce, "Spondylocostal dysostosis with perinatal death and meningomyelocele," Pediatric Pathology, vol.
Its 72 chapters cover the anatomy of the genitourinary tract, pharmacology, physiology, and normal sexual function; functional and neurologic pathologies caused by disorders such as systemic illness, dementia, peripheral neuropathies, Parkinson's and Huntington's diseases, multiple sclerosis, cauda equina injury, tumors of the spinal cord, tethered cord syndrome, trauma, syringomelia, and multiple system atrophy; evaluation techniques; classification; treatment, including behavioral options, pharmacotherapy, tissue engineering, and surgery; special considerations for meningomyelocele; treatment alternatives; complications; sexual dysfunction, fertility, and pregnancy; prognosis and follow-up; and reports and guidelines related to neurogenic bladder dysfunction.
Growth and pubertal development in patients with meningomyelocele: a retrospective analysis.
Neurogenic bladder (NB) is most often caused by meningomyelocele (MMC) and manifests with various lower urinary tract dysfunctions [1].
Cesarean section before onset of labor and subsequent motor function in infant with meningomyelocele diagnosed antenally.
* Between 1990 and 2000, more than half of all children with meningomyelocele (a form of spina bifida with a protrusion of the membranes and spinal cord through a defect in the vertebral column) developed an allergy to latex in childhood.
In the treated groups brain anomalies included poorly formedspinal cord leaving upside a cavity and meningomyelocele, Heart anomalies included hemorrhage of pericardium and liver anomalies included necrosis of liver.DISCUSSION Rifampicin is one of the oldest and most effective chemotherapeutic agents available for thetreatment###of###tuberculosis###(Agrawal###andPanchagnula, 2005).
Long-term outcome and complications of children born with meningomyelocele. Childs Nerv Syst 1992;8(2):92-96.
The etiology of hydroureteronephrosis was a neurogenic bladder secondary to meningomyelocele in five patients, a posterior urethral valve in four patients.
Brohi et al8 reported it to be the 2nd commonest anomaly while, others reported meningomyelocele as the commonest anomaly9,11.
Biglan, "Ophthalmologic complications of meningomyelocele: a longitudinal study," Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society, vol.