mental illness

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Related to mental disease: schizophrenia, depression

mental illness

any of various disorders in which a person's thoughts, emotions, or behaviour are so abnormal as to cause suffering to himself, herself, or other people

mental illness

disease of the mind. Mental illness varies from transitory episodes of anxiety or depression (see NEUROSES) which interfere with normal daily living through the mood changes involved, to the PSYCHOSES which may require in-patient psychiatric treatment to control the severe changes in mood and behaviour associated with them.

A sociology of mental illness has developed as a response to epidemiological studies which have pointed to social causes of mental illness (e.g. depression and bad housing), and from the impetus of the theories of the anti-psychiatrists, such as LAING (1960) and Szasz (1961). See also ANTI-PSYCHIATRY, MADNESS.

mental illness

[′men·təl ′il·nəs]
(psychology)
Any form of mental aberration; usually refers to a chronic or prolonged disorder in which there are wide deviations from the normal.
References in periodicals archive ?
In most cases, people committed to the supervision of the PSRB never reach the point of no longer being affected by mental disease or defect during their period of supervision.
In India nearly half of those with severe mental disease aren't treated.
Muller may have been suffering from a mental disease or defect at the time, but was criminally responsible for his conduct.
of South Carolina) outline the medical specialty that looks to biological causes for mental disease.
For too long a time--for half a century, in fact--psychiatry tried to interpret the human mind merely as a mechanism, and consequently the therapy of mental disease merely in terms of a technique .
Homicides by people with the mental disease who are unknown to their victims are "exceptionally rare and unpredictable", said scientists.
It is largely due to the "success" of psychiatry's diagnostic systems, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and the mental disease section of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10).
When of these concepts are altered individuals may suffer mental disease.
He said, "I don't object to abortion, but I do object to having to say that the mother had a mental disease, which I knew perfectly well that she did not.
The stigma against mental illness is greatest in the African American community, and we are losing our children to multiple aspects of mental disease, including trauma, drugs, and psychiatric aspects of medical illness.
Although substance abuse generally does not excuse criminal behavior, under this doctrine an insanity defense is permitted when prolonged, habitual, and chronic abuse of alcohol or drugs has created a mental disease or defect.
While intra-familial conflicts can overwhelm a person's coping capacities, especially that of a teenager, the extremity of a completed suicide is usually the end result of a dangerous and deadly mental disease such as, for example, mania, or auditory hallucinations.