mental disorders


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mental disorders:

see bipolar disorderbipolar disorder,
formerly manic-depressive disorder
or manic-depression,
severe mental disorder involving manic episodes that are usually accompanied by episodes of depression.
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; paranoiaparanoia
, in psychology, a term denoting persistent, unalterable, systematized, logically reasoned delusions, or false beliefs, usually of persecution or grandeur. In the former case the paranoiac creates a complex delusional system that purports to show that people want to
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; psychiatrypsychiatry
, branch of medicine that concerns the diagnosis and treatment of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders, including major depression, schizophrenia, and anxiety.
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; psychosispsychosis
, in psychiatry, a broad category of mental disorder encompassing the most serious emotional disturbances, often rendering the individual incapable of staying in contact with reality.
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; schizophreniaschizophrenia
, group of severe mental disorders characterized by reality distortions resulting in unusual thought patterns and behaviors. Because there is often little or no logical relationship between the thoughts and feelings of a person with schizophrenia, the disorder has
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
Compared with patients without mental disorders, patients with mental disorders had a higher rate of overall complications after CABG procedure (42.
The finding suggests that the causes of postpartum mental disorders "are more strongly linked to an altered physiological process related to pregnancy and childbirth than to psychosocial aspects" of parenthood, they noted (JAMA 2006;296:2582@).
Yes, the book includes Wakefield's confrontation of the social worker's role in using the deeply flawed DSM and in "treating mental disorders," as well as Epstein's articulate and destructive words about our ignorance of the "plausibility of ineffectiveness and pernicious harm" (p.
She said that special courts would be established for rights of people suffering from mental disorders.
People not only in rural areas but urban centres as well often fail to recognise that they are suffering from a mental disorder or have a history of depression that might push them to the extent of committing suicide.
Mental disorders have become a global challenge that is more evident in fast-growing developing countries.
The result is an insight into the state of affairs regarding the comorbidity of mental disorders among users of illicit drugs within the European Union (EU) (EMCDDA, 2015) (http://www.
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates show that 25 percent of all people are affected by mental disorders at some time during their lives and that the proportion contributed by such disorders to the global disease burden will go up from 10.
Method: Symptom Checklist-R (Rahman, Dawood, Rehman, Mansoor, and Ali, 2009) and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) Urdu Version (Minhas and Mubbashar, 1996) were administered on the participants to identify common mental disorders.
It encompasses three parts and 18 items in a 4-point Likert scale: the first part is composed of an item that assesses contact with people suffering from mental health problems; the second includes a multiple choice item (selection of mental disorders from a list of 15 health problems) and 17 items regarding knowledge on mental health issues (selection of the right option from a fouroption list); and the third is focused on the evaluation of beliefs and stigmatizing perceptions related to mental disorders.
We lack sufficient information about the biological etiology of these conditions, [7] so, like the 'blind man and the elephant', we classify mental disorders based on the external phenomena we can observe (symptoms) rather on the internal causes of the external phenomena (etiology).