Mercenariness

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Mercenariness

 

(koryst’) a concept in Soviet criminal law.

Soviet criminal law views any mercenary motive in the com-mission of a crime as a factor aggravating responsibility. Material incentive, greed, cupidity, and other vile motives under-line the immorality of crime and are evidence of the special danger of the guilty party. Mercenariness is a necessary aspect of certain types of crime (for example, counterfeiting, embezzlement, and speculation, including speculation in foreign currencies and securities). For certain crimes, mercenariness emerges as a possible qualifying attribute; that is, such crimes may be committed both for mercenary and other motives (for example, murder is considered to have been committed under aggravating circumstances if such factors as mercenary motives, hooligan motives, or particular cruelty were involved). In all other cases, when the law does not specifically refer to this motive, committing a crime for mercenary motives is a factor aggravating the responsibility of the guilty party (see, for example, art. 39 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR).

References in periodicals archive ?
Contracts detailing the activities of the contractors are rare to find, since they often subcontract out work to local mercenary groups that aren't regulated and are virtually untraceable.
For a portable shooter, Killzone: Mercenary works well with the PS Vita.
Few truly mercenary airmen (like their traditional land-roving forebears) have been motivated solely by monetary concerns.
Based on these definitions, which were in circulation in Austen's time, in some contexts being mercenary is being prudent.
By coming into being as an economic self, as a party to a contract that replaces the tie between state and subject, the mercenary renders impossible the ideally sacrificial volunteerism by which the prince makes soldiers his "own.
Fainaru describes Crescent as the Kmart version of a mercenary firm.
41) Hague V does not, however, engage the neutral state's responsibility for citizens, of their own volition, assisting a belligerent power as a mercenary.
Rosen explains how organizations like Executive Outcome changed the mercenary business.
Article 47 of Additional Protocol I (dealing with international conflict) states that a mercenary shall not have the right to be a combatant or to prisoner of war status; such a person is therefore just a common criminal under the national law of the country in which they are caught.
MARK Thatcher fled South Africa last night after dodging jail over his alleged role in a mercenary plot.
Only Redwall can stand before his mercenary raids on the kingdom--and only mercenary warrior Rakkety Tam MacBural is a brave enough squirrel to defy him.
A heavily armed person who threatens, tortures, or kills people for a living is a mercenary.