mercerization


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mercerization

[‚mər·sə·ri′zā·shən]
(textiles)
A technique used to increase luster, dye absorptivity, and strength in cotton and linen goods; the cloth is put into a heated solution of caustic soda at a controlled temperature, then washed, neutralized, and rinsed.
References in periodicals archive ?
Possible mechanism of mercerization treatment on cellulose fibres [courtesy of reference 24 copyright Susheel et al.
Approximately 42,000-123,000 liters of water per ton of finished cotton fabric (up to mercerization) is required [3].
The main chemical treatments used so far are: alkaline treatment or mercerization, silane treatment, acetylation, benzoylation, acrylation or acrylonitrile grafting, as well as maleated coupling agents [7],
The aim of the present study is to analyse the impact of desizing, scouring, bleaching, mercerization followed by the resin application in two ways (one is only resin, while the other is resin along with softener) on the fabric crystallinity and tensile strength.
The production consists of desiring, scouring, bleaching, mercerization, dyeing and finishing [16].
In this paper sun screening properties of cotton (C) and polyester (poly(ethylene-terephtalate), PET) fabric after standard surface modifications--cotton mercerization and PET alkaline hydrolysis; and after treatment with zeolite nanoparticles and FWA's were investigated.
Mercerization alters the chemical structure of the cotton fibre.
Alkaline treatment or mercerization led to break down of fiber bundle into smaller fibers.
Various chemical treatments have been reported to improve the physicochemical performance of natural fibers such as mercerization, silane treatment, acetylation, benzoylation, plasma treatment, etc [22-25].
Washing: Washing and soaping of batch dyed wovens and knits (this procedure gives dramatic savings of water and steam), neutralization after mercerization, washing after cold pad-batch bleaching, washing and soaping after dyeing at pad-batch dyeing, washing after printing, including sensitive fabrics as Lycra/Nylon, etc and washing of wool fabrics for desizing and scouring.