mercuric chloride

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Related to mercuric chloride: Radium bromide, selenium tetrabromide

mercuric chloride


mercury (II) chloride,

chemical compound, HgCl2, a white powder of colorless rhombohedral crystals, somewhat soluble in water. It is also called bichloride of mercury or corrosive sublimate. It is extremely poisonous. Raw egg white may be given as an antidote, since mercuric chloride reacts with egg albumin to form a nearly insoluble precipitate; medical treatment should be sought immediately. Mercuric chloride is sometimes used in dilute solution as an antiseptic for inanimate objects and as a fungicide. It is also used in preparing other mercury compounds; it reacts with mercury metal to form mercurous chloridemercurous chloride,
 mercury (I) chloride,
or calomel,
chemical compound, Hg2Cl2, a white crystalline powder, very slightly soluble in water.
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. Mercuric chloride is prepared by reacting mercury with chlorine gas or by subliming a mixture of mercuric sulfate and sodium chloride (common salt).

Mercuric Chloride


(also corrosive sublimate), HgCl2, colorless crystals of the orthorhombic system. Mercuric chloride has a density of 5.44 g/cm3, a melting point of 277°C, and a boiling point of 304°C; it readily sublimes. The compound is soluble in alcohol, ether, and acetic acid; 7.4 g will dissolve in 100 g of water at 20°C and in 55 g at 100°C. Mercuric chloride forms complex compounds. It is produced either by dissolving mercury in concentrated sulfuric acid with subsequent heating of dry mercuric sulfate with sodium chloride or by the direct chlorination of mercury during heating.

Mercuric chloride is used in obtaining other compounds of mercury, for example, calomel. It also finds use as a catalyst in organic synthesis. In medicine, solutions of the compound are used as a disinfectant for skin and clothing. Mercuric chloride is very poisonous.

mercuric chloride

[mər′kyu̇r·ik ′klȯr‚īd]
(inorganic chemistry)
HgCl2 An extremely toxic compound that forms white, rhombic crystals which sublime at 300°C and are soluble in alcohol or benzene; used for the manufacture of other mercuric compounds, as a fungicide, and in medicine and photography. Also known as bichloride of mercury; corrosive sublimate.
References in periodicals archive ?
Group 2: Aqueous solution of PB was injected ip at a dose of 5 mg/kg body weight/day for 5 days followed by mercuric chloride treatment at 1 mg/kg/day for next five days.
In an experiment of incubation of rat renal cells with reduced glutathione and mercuric chloride was drastically more protective of renal cell injury as compared to inorganic mercury exposure alone.
Thus, according to Kania and O'Hara (1974), quoted in Smith and Weiss, (1997) the "Mosquitofish" (Gambusia affinis) exposed to mercuric chloride becomes more vulnerable to predation by largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides).
In vitro effect of mercuric chloride on ATPase activity in kidney of the fancy carp, Cyprinus carpio.
Without doubt, mercuric chloride had an immediate effect.
1984) Immune-mediated glomerulonephritis induced by mercuric chloride in mice.
1% (w/v) mercuric chloride for 1-2 min and washed with double distilled water at least for 2-3 times in Laminar air flow hood.
Interestingly, the relative specific content of mercury was shown to increase to the greatest extent in the lysosomal fraction when rats were made proteinuric with an aminoglycoside or when rats were treated chronically with mercuric chloride.
The latter can be detected by the so-called Marsh test in which arsine is thermally decomposed, forming a black arsenic mirror inside a narrow tube, or by the Gutzeit method in which a test paper impregnated with mercuric chloride darkens when exposed to arsine because of the formation of free mercury.
One theory is that mercuric chloride was used as a catalyst for some forms of mustard.
2002) observed a decline in liver and ovarian proteins of Notopterus notopterus after exposure to various concentrations of cadmium chloride and mercuric chloride, individually and in combination, for 2 months.