hell

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hell,

in Western monotheistic religions, eternal abode of souls damned by the judgment of God. The souls in hell are deprived forever of the sight of God. The punishment of hell is generally analogized to earthly fire. A constant feature is SatanSatan
[Heb.,=adversary], traditional opponent of God and humanity in Judaism and Christianity. In Scripture and literature the role of the opponent is given many names, such as Apolyon, Beelzebub, Semihazah, Azazel, Belial, and Sammael.
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 or Lucifer (also known as Iblīs in Islam), considered the ruler of hell. Among ancient Jews, Sheol or Tophet was conceived as a gloomy place of departed souls where they are not tormented but wander about unhappily. The ethical aspect apparently developed gradually, and Sheol became like the hell of Christianity. Gehenna, in the New Testament, which drew its name from the Vale of HinnomHinnom
, valley, W and S of Jerusalem. Its ill repute in the Bible emanated from the worship there of foreign gods, including supposed child sacrifice to Molech at Tophet. In later Jewish literature it was called Ge-Hinnom [Heb.
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, was certainly a place of punishment. Many Christian churches now regard hell more as a state of being than a place. In Zoroastrianism, the souls of the dead must cross the Bridge of the Requiter, which narrows for the wicked so that they fall into the abyss of horror and suffer ceaseless torment. In ancient Greek religion the great underworld is HadesHades
, in Greek and Roman religion and mythology. 1 The ruler of the underworld: see Pluto. 2 The world of the dead, ruled by Pluto and Persephone, located either underground or in the far west beyond the inhabited regions.
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, ruled by the god of that name (also known as Pluto). The Romans called this underworld also Orcus, Dis, and, poetically, Avernus. In Buddhism, hell is the lowest of six levels of existence into which a being may be reborn depending on that being's karmic accumulations. Hell is often treated with detailed imagination in legend and literature. See heavenheaven,
blissful upper realm or state entered after death; in Western monotheistic religions it is the place where the just see God face to face (sometimes called the beatific vision).
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; sinsin,
in religion, unethical act. The term implies disobedience to a personal God, as in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and is not used so often in systems such as Buddhism where there is no personal divinity.
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.

Bibliography

See M. Himmelfarb, Tours of Hell (1981); P. Toon, Heaven and Hell (1986).

Hell

 

according to the majority of religious teachings, the abode of the souls of sinners supposedly doomed to eternal suffering. Concepts of hell arose from primitive beliefs in the existence of the soul beyond the grave. As religions developed, the concept of hell as a place intended exclusively for the souls of sinners arose. According to ancient Greek mythology, the gloomiest part in the kingdom of shades (the kingdom of the dead) was Tartarus, the dwelling place of the evil. In Judaism hell (Sheol) was initially the subterranean region to which the shades of all the dead, both the sinners and the just, descended. Later hell was represented as the place where the souls of sinners were subjected to suffering. Christianity accepted this representation of hell. A brilliant expression of the Western European medieval concept of hell can be found in Dante’s Divine Comedy. The concept of hell also exists in the Eastern religions of Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism. Theologians and clergymen use the concept of hell, which they contrast with paradise, to influence the conscience and feelings of believers.

REFERENCES

Lafarg, P. “Izmyshlenie ada.” In his book Ekonomicheskii determinizm K. Marksa: Soch., vol. 3. Moscow-Leningrad, 1931.
Sidorov, D. I. Ob ade, rae i ikh obitateliakh. Moscow, 1960.
Shishkin, I. B. V. poiskakh bibleiskogo ada. Moscow, 1962.
Bautz, J. Die Hölle. Mainz, 1882.

What does it mean when you dream about hell?

Hell symbolizes a place of suffering and torment. Someone who dreams of hell may be suffering from a seemingly inescapable situation caused by having given away his or her emotional power to someone else.

Hell

See also Underworld.
Abaddon
place of destruction. [N.T.: Revelation 9:11; Br. Lit.: Paradise Lost]
Gehenna
place of eternal suffering. [O.T.: II Kings 23:10]
Hades
the great underworld. [Gk. Myth.: NCE, 1219]
Hinnom
valley of ill repute that came to mean hell. [Judaism: NCE, 1244]
Naraka
realm of torment for deceased wicked people. [Buddhism, Hindu Myth.: Brewer Dictionary, 745]
Pandemonium
chief city of Hell. [Br. Lit.: Paradise Lost]
Sheol
(or Tophet) gloomy place of departed, unhappy souls. [Judaism: NCE, 1219]

hell

1. Christianity
a. the place or state of eternal punishment of the wicked after death, with Satan as its ruler
b. forces of evil regarded as residing there
2. (in various religions and cultures) the abode of the spirits of the dead
3. Now rare a gambling house, booth, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
But as Thomas Dinesen points out in "Merry Hell," very little training beyond basic weapon instruction had trickled down from the experiences of his fellow Highlanders at Hill 70 and Vimy.
As for the past, he wrote that "Merry Hell has been written solely on behalf of the men in ranks who with their officers served in infantry battalions of the CEF 1914-1919.
I'm sure if I shot prone (I really didn't want to be in the freezing mud that day) and learned the zero for that load, I could make some miscreant's life a short and merry hell using the CorBon ammo and my snubbie.
Peter Freeman, in mitigation, said: "When Darren Slater came back in 2004 Bridget Purcell, it seems, became very jealous about the relationship and has led them merry hell for the last two years.
Before the 1974 Cheynes Beach Annual General Meeting an over-enthusiastic eastern states' colleague put out a press release saying that Friends of the Earth (WA) would raise merry hell at the meeting.
Liverpool Cathedral, St James' Mount, Liverpool, 0151 709 6271 - Saturday, 27 Oct Merry Hell North West folk-rockers Merry Hell return for another of their "Merry Hellowe'en" concerts at The Citadel.
"I didn't know much about his story because I'd been living abroad and then in my own merry hell going through divorce with Charlie's dad."
T HIS week we talk to Bob Kettle of the folkrock band Merry Hell.
"They can all go and knock merry hell out of each other at Haydock!" | APPLE'S JADE will seek a repeat success in the Hatton's Grace Hurdle at Fairyhouse on 3 December after making all the running to win Navan's Lismullen Hurdle yesterday.
I would like to see Cardiff Council commit publicly to no more bedroom-tax evictions and to start creating merry hell about the impact austerity is having on our capital.
Tovey Freeman But, this being a seven-episode potboiler from the pen of the man who created Cracker, the tension is likely to be ratcheted up for a few more weeks before all merry hell breaks loose.