Mesenteric lymphadenitis typically occurs in children, adolescents, and young adults of both sexes, although males might be slightly more frequently affected than females [1-4, 8-10].
Rebound tenderness is present also in about onequarter of the patients [1-4, 8-10] with mesenteric lymphadenitis (probably being due to involvement of the overlying mesentery).
The presentation of mesenteric lymphadenitis may clinically mimic acute appendicitis, intussusception, constipation, inflammatory bowel diseases, Meckel's diverticulum, ovarian torsion, basal pneumonia, Henoch-Schonlein syndrome, and urinary tract infection [1-4, 8-10].
of Cases Appendicitis 45 Adhesions 5 Appendicitis+Adhesions 5 Normal Study 5 Appendicitis+Adnexitis 3 Mesenteric Lymphadenitis 2 Appendicitis+Mesenteric Lymphadenitis 1 Right Adnexal Cyst+Adhesions 1 Adnexitis 1 Hydrosalpinx 1 Mesenteric Panniculitis+Adhesions 1 Meckel's Diverticulitis 1 Abdominal TB 1 Total 72 RESULTS
The rest 16% of patients had other coexisting findings like adhesions, adnexitis, and mesenteric lymphadenitis.
Mesenteric lymphadenitis was found in 5% of cases and may be due to infectious cause of bowel like colitis, gastroenteritis or enteric fever.
Pelvic inflammatory 25% disease Abdominal tuberculosis 12% Chronic appendicitis 8% Mesenteric lymphadenitis 5% Diverticulosis 2 % Post operative hospital stay 1.8 [+ or -] 1.4 days