alkalosis

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Related to metabolic alkalosis: metabolic acidosis, respiratory alkalosis

alkalosis

[‚al·kə′lō·səs]
(medicine)
A condition of high blood alkalinity caused either by high intake of sodium bicarbonate or by loss of hydrochloric acid or blood carbon dioxide.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Of note, only one patient had a pre-dialysis serum tC[O.sub.2] level slightly higher than 26 mEq/L, allowing us to conclude that none of our patients had unsafe levels of metabolic alkalosis pointed out in previous studies (8,9,18,19).
Laboratory investigations revealed hypokalaemia (2.8 Meq/L), hyponatraemia (120Meq/L) and hypochloraemia (80Meq/L) along with metabolic alkalosis. Repeated laboratory investigations revealed the same trend.
Specifically, after transport, decreased total WBC, lymphocyte, monocyte, and eosinophil counts; elevated H : L ratio; and a mild respiratory acidosis with an appropriate compensatory metabolic alkalosis, resulting in an unchanged venous blood pH, can be anticipated in Dalmatian pelicans.
On the other hand, we rule out that metabolic alkalosis is secondary to chronic inflammation and poor protein intake since no major differences were found in nPCR values (close or equal to 1g/Kg) between the groups with acid-base disturbances, and the great majority showed malnutrition inflammation scores of less than 8 points.
Metabolic disorders including steroid-induced hyperglycemia, hypokalemia, and metabolic alkalosis can also significantly worsen general health status [2].
[7] reported a series of eight patients with atypical genetically determined Bartter syndrome type 1, including absence of nephrocalcinosis, absence of hypokalemia, and/or metabolic alkalosis in the first year of life as well as persistent metabolic acidosis mimicking distal renal tubular acidosis.
Normal calcium, phosphorous, and magnesium levels were found, while there were high creatine phosphokinase levels (1029 U/L) and metabolic alkalosis. Thyroid function tests were in normal limits.
Then, of course, there is the issue of diuretic use: "Indeed, volume depletion, hypokalemia, hyperkalemia, metabolic acidosis, metabolic alkalosis, hypomagnesemia, hyponatremia, and hypernatremia are complications that may occur from diuretic use."
Introduction: Pseudo-Bartter's syndrome (PBS) is a clinical entity characterized by hypokalemia, hypochloremia associated with metabolic alkalosis. It is different from Bartter's syndrome, in which hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis may develop without primary renal disease.
After 6 days of treatment with intravenous IC, she developed hypokalemia of 3.1 mEq/L, metabolic alkalosis, and prolongation of QT interval (QTc 533 ms).
Rapid correction of acidemia by bicarbonate can induce hypokalaemia and rebound metabolic alkalosis and it has been linked to worsening of tissue hypoxia.