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Copper, gold, and silver were probably fashioned into ornaments and amulets as early as the Neolithic period. Goldworkgoldwork,
ornaments, jewelry, and vessels created from gold. Such works have figured in almost every stage of civilization as symbols of wealth and power. The Ancient World

The earliest-known fine goldwork is from Ur in Mesopotamia. Dating from c.3000 B.C.
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 and silverworksilverwork,
utilitarian objects and works of art created from silver. Silverwork includes ecclesiastical and domestic plate, flatware, jewelry, buttons, buckles, boxes, toilet articles, weapons, furniture, and horse trappings.
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 have since employed the talents of leading artisans and artists in making jewelryjewelry,
personal adornments worn for ornament or utility, to show rank or wealth, or to follow superstitious custom or fashion.

The most universal forms of jewelry are the necklace, bracelet, ring, pin, and earring.
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, plate, inlays, and sculpture. The first great advance in metalworking occurred when techniques for making bronze sculpturebronze sculpture.
Bronze is ideal for casting art works; it flows into all crevices of a mold, thus perfectly reproducing every detail of the most delicately modeled sculpture. It is malleable beneath the graver's tool and admirable for repoussé work.
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 were developed during the Bronze Age. Brass, an alloy of copper with zinc, came into use later (see brasses, monumentalbrasses, monumental,
or sepulchral brasses,
memorials to the dead, in use in churches on the Continent and in England in the 13th cent. and for several centuries following.
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; brasses, ornamentalbrasses, ornamental.
Brass, a copper-zinc alloy produced since imperial Roman times, is closely associated in art with bronze, a copper-tin alloy (see bronze sculpture). Brass was generally fashioned into utilitarian objects such as bowls, pots, and jugs.
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). The Iron Age provided a cheaper medium used chiefly for tools and ornamental ironworkironwork, ornamental.
The shaping of wrought iron, used almost exclusively until the 16th cent., is primarily an art of the blacksmith, who must work with the metal while it is at the desired stage of heat and flexibility.
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 until modern times, when improved methods, alloys, and machinery made iron available and essential to the industrial and structural trades. Pewterpewter,
any of a number of ductile, silver-white alloys consisting principally of tin. The properties vary with the percentage of tin and the nature of the added materials.
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, tin, and lead have been used in industrial and art metalwork. Methods of shaping metals include drawing, spinning, hammering, and casting; various decorative processes include chasing, damasceningdamascening
or damaskeening
, the art of decorating iron, steel, or bronze with inlaid threads of gold or silver, or producing a watered effect in forging, as in sword blades, gun barrels, and various metal objects.
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, embossingembossing,
process of producing upon various materials designs or patterns in relief by mechanical means. The material is pressed between a pair of dies especially adapted to its hardness and the depth of the design needed.
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, enamelenamel,
a siliceous substance fusible upon metal. It may be so compounded as to be transparent or opaque and with or without color, but it is usually employed to add decorative color. It was used to decorate jewelry in ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome.
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 work, filigreefiligree
, ornamental work of fine gold or silver wire, often wrought into an openwork design and joined with matching solder and borax under the flame of the blowpipe. Filigree is used as a decorative treatment for jewelry or other fine metalwork.
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, gildinggilding,
process of applying a thin layer of real or imitation gold to a surface. The process is employed on wood, metal, ivory, leather, paper, glass, porcelain, and fabrics and is used to embellish the decorative elements, domes, and vaults of buildings.
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, inlayinginlaying,
process of ornamenting a surface by setting into it material of different color or substance, usually in such a manner as to preserve a continuous plane. Inlay is employed in connection with a great variety of objects, both of major architectural character and of minor
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, nielloniello
[Ital. from Latin nigellus=blackish], black metallic alloy of sulfur, copper, silver, and usually lead, used as an inlay on engraved metal. The metal surface is brushed with a borax solution as a flux, dusted with powdered niello, then heated.
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, and repoussérepoussé
, the process or the product of ornamenting metallic surfaces with designs in relief hammered out from the back by hand. Gold and silver are most commonly used today for fine work, but copper and tin are suitable for the purpose, and bronze was extensively used
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1. the craft of working in metal
2. work in metal or articles made from metal
References in periodicals archive ?
The team excavated a series of houses and storage pits and found around 100 pieces of iron metalwork.
Since setting up in December 2010, the business has grown consistently, and it recently provided all the metalwork for BBC1 drama The Paradise, which was filmed at nearby Lambton Castle.
The exhibit explores the beauty, role and function of luxury metalwork in ancient Iran.
"I'll take a fortnight off after the metalwork comes out, but then I'll be straight back in the gym working on my fitness, and riding out again a couple of weeks after that.
Work a rust-treatment liquid into any patches of rust, following the instructions on the bottle, and then apply a couple of coats of metal primer/undercoat to all the metalwork. Alternatively, use a paint that can be applied to untreated rust, such as Hammerite Direct to Rust, from around pounds 12 for 500ml, which is a primer, undercoat and top coat in one.
Based on Washington's Armstrong Industrial Estate, the firm specialises in architectural metalwork and their craftsmanship can be seen in theme pubs, leisure complexes, exclusive fashion stores and in the homes of the rich and famous.
The man's frame is available in two earthen colours (brown/green and black/burgundy) both of which are 'funked-up' by the occasional glimpse of the vivid inner colour and the chequered metalwork on the outer temples.
An exhibit of metalwork from the Margo Grant Walsh collection is open through Jan.
Part of the refurbishment was the installation of new railings and gates, which were design assisted, manufactured and supplied by local bespoke architectural metalwork manufacturer Alpha Rail.
Make Your Own Woodworking Tools: Metalwork Techniques To Create, Customize, And Sharpen In The Workshop by carpentry and woodworking expert Mike Burton is an informative and superbly organized introduction to making, modifying, and altering woodturning and woodcarving tools.
Awarding the prize to German-born Simone ten Hompel in September, the judges declared that her work embodied the strict criteria of the prize, made for an outstanding contribution to metalwork. She was unanimously selected from a shortlist of eight 'for her pure innovation, her cohesive collection of work and for the way she embraces different metals ...
WASA has already completed a detailed exterior condition study to determine the condition of slate mansard roofs, flat roofs, waterproof membranes and substrates, ornamental metalwork, flashings, roof drainage systems, skylights and exterior masonry including all chimneys, windows, porch woodwork and roofing systems.