(8,10,11) In a previous study of neuropathic feet in leprosy patients, but with no clinical complications such as ulceration, osteomyelitis or neuro-osteo-arthropathy, MRI revealed abnormalities in nine out of ten feet, showing degradation and interruption of the subcutaneous fat and effusion/ synovitis, all located in the first metatarsophalangeal
At the point of the metatarsophalangeal
joint, edema was found to be at a maximum 1 week after THA and gradually decreased in the patients with TJ-114, whereas it was found to be at a maximum 3 weeks after surgery in the patients without TJ-114.
The head of the metatarsal bone was included in the excision material if the metatarsophalangeal
joint was involved.
Sesamoid disorders of the first metatarsophalangeal
The plain x-ray of right foot shows evidence of large soft tissue swelling over the foot with osteoarthritis of 1st metatarsophalangeal
joint and diffuse osteoporosis.
In particular, the IP, metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal
joints had bony enlargements, mild tenderness and flexion contractures; however, no signs of inflammation like redness, effusion, or other signs of synovitis (Figure1).
In a recent study, foot orthoses and rocker-sole footwear were both effective at reducing foot pain in patients with OA of the first metatarsophalangeal
(big toe joint), but patients who used orthoses had fewer adverse events than those who wore the shoes, whose discomfort included low back pain.
Among the patients in the polyarticular PsA group, 81.7% (170/208) were found to have metacarpophalangeal (MCP) involvement, 68.3% (142/208) radiocarpal involvement and 68.3% (142/208) metatarsophalangeal
(MTP) involvement (Table 3).
Typically, metatarsalgia presents as localised or sometimes diffused pain in mainly the plantar metatarsophalangeal
area, of varying severity.
The skin around the right big toe was thick, hard, and rough and had a crack over the right first metatarsophalangeal
joint (Figure 2).
medial region of the first metatarsophalangeal
In other birds, chondrosarcomas have been described in the metatarsophalangeal
joint (SIEGFRIED, 1983), nictitating membrane (SPALDING & WOODARD, 1992), tarsal bones (KENNEDY et al., 1995), carpus (KUBO et al., 2007), sternum (DITTMER et al., 2012), and ventriculus (ERDOGAN et al., 2013).