Meteorism


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meteorism

[′mēd·ē·ə‚riz·əm]
(medicine)
Presence of abdominal gas causing severe distention.

Meteorism

 

tympanites, flatulence, distention of the abdomen as a result of excess accumulations of gas in the alimentary canal.

The stomach and intestine of the healthy human normally contain about 900 cu cm of gas; this is necessary to maintain intestinal tone and peristalsis. When food with large amounts of carbohydrates is eaten (beans, brown bread, vegetables), the gas content increases considerably. Meteorism is a common symptom of many diseases, including ordinary constipation, neurosis, chronic colitis, peritonitis, and intestinal obstruction. It can result from swallowing too much air (aerophagia) or from intestinal inflammation and is manifested by a feeling of abdominal heaviness and bursting, eructation, hiccups, and torminal pains that disappear after the gases pass. Diarrhea, which gives way to constipation, is sometimes noted. Meteorism is treated by limiting the intake of those foods that tend to increase gas formation, taking regular meals, using adsorptives and laxatives, and treating the primary disease.

References in periodicals archive ?
The clinical course of adenovirus infection differs from rota-and astrovirus infections by subacute onset, less frequent vomiting, more often development of exicosis stage I and II, expressed abdominal pains and meteorism. Discovered in our study sharp onset, often, repeated, plentiful vomiting on a background of subfebrile temperature and watery diarrhea is characteristic for an astrovirus infection (Gaggero et al., 1998; Walter and Mitchell, 2000; Glass et al., 2001).
pain, 3 of 3 meteorism, 3 of 3 borborygmi, 3 of 3 diarrhea) Mustapha Positive Mixed 1 of 4 probiotic (1997) (3 of 4) treatment arms w/ significantly less flatulence; 1 w/ sig.
A 65-year-old female patient presented with complaints of right upper quadrant pain, meteorism, and intermittent rectal bleeding.
Meteorism limits the usefulness of ultrasound according to Ivancev et al (14).
TUS is patient and doctor friendly, noninvasive, and low-cost diagnostic procedure, and despite some significant limitations (obesity, meteorism), in the hands of experienced examiner offers reliable tool for SB diseases examination.
(smear it over the abdomen to cure meteorism and colic)
Clinical methods of investigation: it was taking into consideration patients' complains for high temperature, stomachache and its irradiation, meteorism, diarrhea, dry mouth, signs of dysuria and weakness.