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methyl alcohol,


wood alcohol,

CH3OH, a colorless, flammable liquid that is miscible with water in all proportions. Methanol is a monohydric alcoholalcohol,
any of a class of organic compounds with the general formula R-OH, where R represents an alkyl group made up of carbon and hydrogen in various proportions and -OH represents one or more hydroxyl groups.
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. It melts at −97.8°C; and boils at 67°C;. It reacts with certain acids to form methyl esters. Methanol is a fatal poison. Small internal doses, continued inhalation of the vapor, or prolonged exposure of the skin to the liquid may cause blindness. As a result, commercial use of methanol has sometimes been prohibited. Methanol is used as a solvent for varnishes and lacquers, as an antifreeze, and as a gasoline extender in the production of gasoholgasohol,
a gasoline extender made from a mixture of gasoline (90%) and ethanol (10%; often obtained by fermenting agricultural crops or crop wastes) or gasoline (97%) and methanol, or wood alcohol (3%).
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. Large amounts of it are used in the synthesis of formaldehydeformaldehyde
, HCHO, the simplest aldehyde. It melts at −92°C;, boils at −21°C;, and is soluble in water, alcohol, and ether; at STP, it is a flammable, poisonous, colorless gas with a suffocating odor.
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. Because of its poisonous properties, methanol is also used as a denaturant for ethanol. Methanol is often called wood alcohol because it was once produced chiefly as a byproduct of the destructive distillation of wood. It is now produced synthetically by the direct combination of hydrogen and carbon monoxide gases, heated under pressure in the presence of a catalyst.


(organic chemistry)


a colourless volatile poisonous liquid compound used as a solvent and fuel. Formula: CH3OH
References in periodicals archive ?
Experts in the Methanol Task Force opined that in collaboration with various agencies, academia and industry the objectives of Methanol production and upscaling are feasible based on availability of the resources and technology.
Signs and symptoms of acute methanol poisoning include weakness, blurring of vision, nausea, vomiting, headache, epigastric pain, dyspnoea and cyanosis.
China has quickly become the dominant force in the global methanol market, and continues to be the focal point with its coal-based production setting the global market price," said Mike Nash, global director of syngas chemicals at IHS Markit, and one of the authors of the report.
1% dosage was used methanol and gasoline cannot homogenize in M15, M30, M50 and M65 at 40oC.
The biomass primary source segment is expected to hold significant share in the global renewable methanol market and is estimated to register the highest CAGR of 7.
The ultimate survival after methanol poisoning depends on how much of the poison was swallowed and how soon was the treatment received3-5.
As the basic component of paints, solvents and plastics, to innovative applications in energy, transportation fuel and fuel cells, methanol is a key commodity and an integral part of our global economy," al-Kuwari noted.
This new methanol truck loading facility is expected to help diversify the company's customer base and generate higher netback prices for a portion of its methanol sales volume.
The group of Australians thought most at risk of methanol poisoning are travellers, especially those travelling to countries where home-brewed spirits are widely available, such as Indonesia or Thailand.
Atlantic Methanol Production Company LLC (AMPCO) operates one of the largest and lowest-cost methanol plants in the world.
Specific treatment modalities for methanol poisoning include ethanol, fomepizole and haemodialysis along with supportive treatment with folate and bicarbonate.