methanotroph


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methanotroph

[mə′than·ə‚träf]
(microbiology)
A bacterial organism that can use methane as its only source of carbon and energy.
References in periodicals archive ?
A Michaelis-Menton analysis of the kinetic data agreed with high affinity methanotroph data from forest soils, where [K.sub.m] ranged from 7 [micro] C[H.sub.4]/L (Benstead and King 1997; Gulledge et al.
In order to find additional differences between archaeal methanotrophs and related methanogens that could validate and complement findings in the literature, we performed domain based (meta)genome comparison between selected metagenomes of ANME and genomes of methanogens, as done previously for bacterial genomes [39].
Bacterial aerobic methanotrophs convert methane into cellular carbon and energy, thereby contributing to the basis of food web in methane-rich environments.
Work should be also be undertaken on utilising the ability of the methanotrophs to rapidly recover C[H.sub.4] oxidising activity under naturally regenerating ecosystems.
Although PLFA analysis can provide biomarker information regarding organisms involved in the carbon cycle (e.g., methanotrophs, fungi), widely accepted biomarkers for the N cycle have yet to be determined.
Optimization of trichloroethylene oxidation by methanotrophs and the use of a colorimetric assay to detect soluble methane monooxygenase activity.
Bacteria called methanotrophs feed off methane gas and can either take up or break down methylmercury, or both.
mashikoi as a possible methanotroph on the basis of phylogenetic affinity (also seen in our proposed phylogeny) to known methanotrophs, Methylosarcina sp.
Ana Colaco on the topic of Forecasting of Methanotrophs by methane monooxygenase genes (sMMO) from the shallow water vent Espalamaca.
We also asked whether the relative abundance of chemoautotrophs and methanotrophs includes an ontogenetic factor.
Although, at least in free-living methanotrophs, the occurrence of membranes is variable depending on culture conditions (Prior and Dalton, 1985; Collins et al., 1991), the higher [[Delta].sup.13]C values found in our specimens might also indicate an absence of methanotrophs.