These include chlorpyriphos, endosulfan, pirimophos-methyl, fipronil, deltamethrin, dimethoate, methomyl, methidathion
, fenitrothion, Salut, carbaryl, beta-cyfluthrin, acephate, emamectin benzoate and imidacloprid (Abraham et al., 1998; Ajlan et al., 2000; Abo-El-Saad et al., 2001, 2011; Al-Rajhy et al., 2005; Al-Shawaf et al., 2010; Al-Jabr et al., 2013).
Ninomiya, "Determination of benomyl, diphenyl, o-phenylphenol, thiabendazole, chlorpyrifos, methidathion
, and methyl parathion in oranges by solid-phase extraction, liquid chromatography, and gas chromatography," Journal of AOAC International, vol.
Kim, "Detection of malathion, fenthion and methidathion
by using heparin-reduced gold nanoparticles," Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, vol.
Ovarian toxicity in rats caused by methidathion
and ameliorating effect of vitamins E and C.
Not having access to malathion, acetamiprid, cyhexatin+tetradifon, methidathion
, spinosad and other modern weapons of the war on insects, they tried working with nature, rather than running immediately into battle.
Fenitrothion (Sumithion[R] 500 EC; 200 mL / 100 [L.sup.-1]), phosmet (Imidan[R] 500 WP; 200 g / 100 [L.sup.-1]), malathion (Malathion[R], 350 mL / 100 [L.sup.-1]) and methidathion
(Suprathion[R] 400 EC, 100 mL / 100 [L.sup.-1]) displayed 100% mortality at the end of one DAT, and spinosad (Tracer[R], 15 mL / 100 [L.sup.-1]), deltamethrin (Decis[R] 25 EC, 40 mL / 100 [L.sup.-1]), and dimethoate (Perfekthion[R] 80 mL / 100 [L.sup.-1]) also obtained high control indexes, with the recorded mortality of 96%, 90%, and 90%, respectively, significantly differing from the control treatment.
The separation of the 8 OPPs (acephate, chlorpyriphos, chlorpyriphos-methyl, diazinon, methamidophos, methidathion
, phorate, pirimiphos-methyl) was done through liquid partition and then clean-up with solid phase extraction.
In this study, methidathion
residue active ingredient only is found in one sampling location from Sisalam village about 0.014 mg/kg.
Concentration of bifenthrin, fenpyroximate, methidathion
, spinosad, thiamethoxam, and triazophos exceeded the maximum residue levels in several honey samples, and the kinds of the residues were correlated to agriculture practices in Northern Poland .
A comparison of ToxCast[TM] test results with in vivo and other in vitro endpoints for neuro, endocrine, and developmental toxicities: a case study using endosulfan and methidathion
. Birth Defects Res B Dev Reprod Toxicol 104(2):71-89.
Previous laboratory studies have shown efficiency of insecticides based on trichlorfon, fenthion, chlorpyrifos, malathion, fenitrothion, and methidathion
, as well as on new molecules such as thiamethoxam (AFONSO et al., 2005).
The first monitoring of the resistance to two organophosphates (methidathion
and ethion) and one pyrethroid (cypermethrin) insecticides presented by three field collections of different Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier) populations was performed in this study.