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(kä`vəkä'və): see pepperpepper,
name for the fruits of several unrelated Old and New World plants used as spices or vegetables or in medicine. Old World (True) Peppers

Black pepper (Piper nigrum
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also, kavakava, Piper methysticum), a shrub of the family Piperaceae (pepper). It grows on the Polynesian Islands and New Guinea. The local population uses the stems, leaves, and rhyzomes of the plant to make a stimulating and highly intoxicating beverage.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Each participant was randomly provided with one clear, unmarked gelatin capsule that contained either 648 mg powdered gelatin (placebo; Bernard Jensen Products, Solana Beach CA, USA) or 200 mg of a standardised and commercially prepared kava (Piper methysticum) extract (Natrol Inc, Chatsworth CA USA).
A diversity of other ground crops include: sugar cane, hibiscus spinach, Alocasia taro, pumpkin, pineapple, maize, chili peppers, cabbages, beans, and non-food species such as kava (Piper methysticum), tobacco and the important handicraft plants, paper mulberry (Broussonetia papyrifera) and a wide range of Pandanus cultivars.
Also known as Piper methysticum, this plant has roots that have been used for thousands of years to concoct a ceremonial beverage.
Interestingly, all patients were heavy drinkers of kava, an extract of the plant Piper methysticum, which is drunk as an alternative to alcohol.
Acute liver failure after administration of the herbal tranquilizer Kava-Kava (piper methysticum).
K is for kava kava - Known as nature's valium, kava kava (Piper methysticum) has been used as a herbal remedy for anxiety after research revealed it was as effective as benzodiazepine tranquillisers but without the side-effects of some of the synthetic drugs.
A beverage made from the root of the kava plant (Piper methysticum) was commonly consumed by natives.
germander, wild germander) Kava (Piper Abnormal liver function or FDA warning to methysticum, ava, damage, occasionally consumers in March awa, gea, gi, irreversible; deaths 2002.
Kava (Piper methysticum, Abnormal liver function FDA warning to
Kava (Piper methysticum, Abnormal liver function FDA warning to ava, awa, gea, gi, or damage, occasionally consumers in March intoxicating pepper, kao, irreversible; deaths 2002.
Kava (Piper Abnormal liver FDA warning to methysticum, ava, function or damage, consumers in awa, gea, gi, occasionally March 2002.