synostosis caused a premature hardening of his cranial sutures, the joints between the seven cranial bones.
The exact incidence of craniofacial anomalies is not known in the country, however, for craniosynostosis, it has been found as 2 per 2,360 live births in the northern part of the country.8 Single-suture synostosis most commonly affects the sagittal suture, followed by the coronal, metopic
and lambdoid sutures.1
The study, "Evaluating Children with Metopic
Craniosynostosis: The Cephalic Width-Intercoronal Distance Ratio," recently was published in the July 2016 issue of The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal.
OBJECTIVE: It is essential to know about metopic
suture failing which can be easily misunderstood as fracture of frontal bone.
Of the 16 patients included in the study, 14 presented with single-suture craniosynostosis: 6 involved metopic
suture; 5, sagittal suture; and 3, coronal suture.Nine cases were isolated fetal craniosynostosis, three were cases of Apert syndrome, and four also presented with associated CNS and non-CNS anomalies.
Plagiocephaly due to metopic
suture foreclosure and Scaphocephaly in agirl of 4 years were the other cases.
Little David Geelan underwent plastic surgery in January after being diagnosed with the rare skull condition metopic
If the metopic
suture fuses too early, the brain can't expand the frontal bones, so it expands posteriorly.
Odd ratios were increased for all types of craniosynostosis except for metopic
. The highest odds ratio was for multiple sutures.
Six cerebra for each group were fixed in 15% formalin buffer and embedded in paraffin using standard techniques, and then cut into 4 [micro]m metopic
sections in the neighborhood of the corpus mammillare.