mezzotint


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mezzotint

(mĕt`sətĭnt, mĕd`zə–, mĕz`ə–) [Ital.,=halftint], method of copper or steel engraving in tone. A Dutch officer, Ludwig von Siegen, is given credit for the invention of mezzotint c.1640. The process then came into prominence in England early in the 18th cent. Mezzotint involves uniform burring with a curved, sawtoothed tool by cradling it back and forth until the surface of the plate presents an all-over, even grain. This yields a soft effect in the print. The picture is developed in chiaroscuro with a scraper and a burnisher, every degree of light and shade from black to white being attainable. In pure mezzotint, no line drawing is employed, the result being soft without the sharp lines of an etching. Mezzotint was often used for the reproduction of paintings, particularly, in England, for landscapes and portraits. The process is essentially extinct today.

Mezzotint

 

a method of engraving on metal related to intaglio. In preparing the copper plate for mezzotint engraving, a burr is raised on its polished surface either mechanically or chemically. Such a rough plate will print an even black. The design is made on the plate (sometimes painted) with a needle or pencil; the areas intended to be light are smoothed or scraped, creating soft gradations from dark to light. Mezzotint engravings are distinguished by deep and velvety tonal qualities and the richness and subtlety of chiaroscuro effects. The mezzotint process is also used for color prints.

Mezzotint was invented by the German master L. Von Siegan in the mid-17th century. It was popular in the 18th and early 19th centuries, particularly in England (J. R. Smith, V. Green, R. Earlom, J. Ward, and J. Walker). It was also widely used in France (J. C. Le Blon), Russia (I. Shtenglin, I. A. Selivanov), and other countries. Mezzotint was used primarily for the reproduction of paintings.

A. S. ZAITSEV

mezzotint

[′met·sə‚tint]
(graphic arts)
An engraving process in which a copper or steel plate is first entirely roughened by rubbing Carborundum between it and another plate and by using a steel chisel with an edge set with minute teeth which rock into the plate at various angles; the rough-grain plate is burnished with a steel instrument to produce appropriate white areas of the design.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mezzotint returns to Chelmsford just 3lb higher than when he struck on his penultimate start - a fact that is hardly the end of the world as he is still favourably treated if his turf-winning form a few years ago is taken into account.
The fact that a novice could master the demanding technique of mezzotint on first try and on such a great scale is incredible.
The popular allegory survived in grammar books and poetic anthologies, it was publicly recited and expanded into a longer poem, and it provided the subject for paintings by Henry Singleton and William Redmore Bigg, a mezzotint engraving by John Raphael Smith, a satirical print by James Glllray, a ballet performed at Covent Garden, and, on both sides of the Atlantic, young women's needlework.
The narrator also provides helpful technical information about print processes as the artist moved from woodcuts through lithography and into his final works in the demanding process of mezzotint.
As the author says, 'Smith was an alchemist of mezzotint in a pre-photographic age .
An ad for Jordache Basics consists of several mezzotint photographs of a playful young couple who are, almost incidentally, wearing Jordache jeans.
Full of haunting imagery from the Victorian era, the drama includes elements from Poe classics - the beating pulse of The Tell Tale Heart, the ghoulish clowning of Hop-Frog and the terror of The Raven and The Black Cat - together with James' ghoulish fables - A Warning to the Curious, The Mezzotint and Whistle and I'll Come To You My Lad.
Puzzled, even astonished, I turned to the Center's online catalogue of prints and found that Reynolds had indeed painted such a portrait of Abington in the early 1770s, a mezzotint after which was published in 1772 (Fig.
When I saw the unknown image on the BBC's Your Paintings website, it was very reminiscent of Nevinson and as soon as I tracked down a picture of the later version, a mezzotint engraving that Nevinson made in 1918, I knew I was right.
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Each entry gives the full name and dates of the person depicted; the description that appears in the 1790 alphabetical listing; explanation of the techniques involved (woodcut, engraving, mezzotint, drawing, or painting); material on which the portrait appears (paper, canvas); media (ink, oil, pencil, charcoal, pastel); identity of the artist and/or engraver; dimensions of the portrait; whether framed under glass, or not; provenance (if known); current location; and appropriate references.