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The local, rather uniform climate of a specific place or habitat, compared with the climate of the entire area of which it is a part.


Localized climate conditions within an urban area or building.



climate of the ground layer of air resulting from small-scale differences in the earth’s surface within a local climate. For example, a distinction is made in the local climate of a forest area between the microclimate of forest glades and the edges of forests and in the local climate of a city between the microclimate of squares, side streets, public gardens, and yards. Differences in the microclimate diminish rapidly with distance from the earth’s surface. They are also largely dependent on the weather, increasing in fair, calm weather and leveling out in overcast weather, in the absence of insolation, and when it is windy. Study of the microclimate requires the organization of a dense network of random meteorological observations and the comparison of these observations with the readings of a permanent basic weather station characterizing the corresponding local climate. Microclimatic surveys from motor vehicles are widely used. The peculiarities of the microclimate must be taken into account when positioning crops or moving them into new areas, when engaging in various types of land reclamation, in industrial and civilian construction, and so forth.


Sapozhnikova, S. A. Mikroklimat i mestnyi klimat. Leningrad, 1950.
Geiger, R. Klimat prizemnogo sloia vozdukha. [2nd ed.] Moscow, 1960. (Translated from English.)
Mikroklimat SSSR. Leningrad, 1967.


References in periodicals archive ?
Means of microclimate variables in compost facilities are presented in Table 3.
a field study: microclimate monitoring and simulations for model validation,
Christine Sheppard, an organic farmer in Hawaii, says she has learned a great deal about her microclimate through local seed swaps.
Experimental cure of speleotherapy in Ocna Dej and Cacica salt mines normalize hydric and electrolyte balance parameters in most cases (water and sodium intake, diuresis and renal sodium concentration ability) of rats with induced pathologies due to the direct effect of salt microclimate on the wounds and burns, and also due to saline load of the body in the presence of NaCl aerosol.
Secondly, the book examines the thermal comfort of individuals outdoors, stressing that elements in the urban microclimate that impact human thermal comfort should influence the design of urban spaces.
The Estate Merlot from the Colchagua Valley has a microclimate from the low coastal mountains and the river basin.
Design with Microclimate: The Secret to Comfortable Outdoor Space"discusses microclimate and the finer details of climate that should go into landscape and architecture in providing a comfortable area outdoors.
Whatever the peculiarities of the microclimate there we can do it, we did do it and we will do it again.
The Grade 1-listed garden attraction, has its own microclimate and a fantastic display of local flora, fauna and wildlife for visitors to see.
We believe that this new test method will ultimately reliably measure a wheelchair cushion's impact on the heat and moisture characteristics of the microclimate created by the close association of a body with a cushion.
Wirral has become increasingly important for asparagus growing in recent years, with its warmer microclimate suiting the expensive vegetable.