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The local, rather uniform climate of a specific place or habitat, compared with the climate of the entire area of which it is a part.


Localized climate conditions within an urban area or building.



climate of the ground layer of air resulting from small-scale differences in the earth’s surface within a local climate. For example, a distinction is made in the local climate of a forest area between the microclimate of forest glades and the edges of forests and in the local climate of a city between the microclimate of squares, side streets, public gardens, and yards. Differences in the microclimate diminish rapidly with distance from the earth’s surface. They are also largely dependent on the weather, increasing in fair, calm weather and leveling out in overcast weather, in the absence of insolation, and when it is windy. Study of the microclimate requires the organization of a dense network of random meteorological observations and the comparison of these observations with the readings of a permanent basic weather station characterizing the corresponding local climate. Microclimatic surveys from motor vehicles are widely used. The peculiarities of the microclimate must be taken into account when positioning crops or moving them into new areas, when engaging in various types of land reclamation, in industrial and civilian construction, and so forth.


Sapozhnikova, S. A. Mikroklimat i mestnyi klimat. Leningrad, 1950.
Geiger, R. Klimat prizemnogo sloia vozdukha. [2nd ed.] Moscow, 1960. (Translated from English.)
Mikroklimat SSSR. Leningrad, 1967.


References in periodicals archive ?
LAI based trees selection for mid latitude urban developments: A microclimatic study in Cairo, Egypt," Build.
In contrast to the Arctic and Antarctic polar regions, the Himalayas have significant human population as well as several microclimatic zones within the different altitudinal ranges.
The highland site is a hypoendemic area, which if microclimatic conditions are changed, local epidemic may occur.
The constant work of the team and the ideal microclimatic and geological characteristics have led the wines, in just twenty years.
Also the electro-magnetic interferences, bad smells, and microclimatic changes for energy investment are taken into account in the evaluation of this criterion.
Variation of ozone and aerosol particle numerical concentrations on the working premises under different microclimatic parameters, Journal of Environmental Engineering and Landscape Management 16(3): 135-142.
Before calibration, gauge blocks must be carefully cleaned and stored in the microclimatic chamber for at least 24 hours in order to get right temperature (Thalmann et al.
If a certain levelling line is levelled under the same microclimatic conditions, the effects of refraction are not evident as deviations during the levelling in either direction, nor are they manifested as deviations in the closure of loops; rather it functions as the systematic error of the rod scale.
Yet even sealed graves and caves, in which microclimatic conditions have permitted the preservation of various organic artefacts, provide no records of any tortoiseshell (e.
2006) Assessment of the microclimatic and human comfort conditions in a complex urban environment: Modelling and measurements, Building and Environment, 41(12), pp.
Small prairie opening are occasionally encountered in the rough topography surrounding the lake where edaphic and microclimatic conditions combined to produce excessively droughty sites (Reeves et al.
Growing-season microclimatic gradients from clear-cut edges into old-growth Douglas-fir forests.