microencephaly


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

microencephaly

[¦mī·krō·en′sef·ə·lē]
(medicine)
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
J.T.'s history was notable for microencephaly, essentially leaving her deaf, non-verbal, and with mental retardation.
Methylazoxymethanol-induced microencephaly in the brown Norway strain: behavior and brain weight.
Infections during pregnancy can result in spontaneous abortion or characteristic congenital defects, such as chorioretinitis, microencephaly or macroencephaly, and hydrocephalus (18).
In Irish Setters and Wire Fox Terriers dogs, lissencephaly has been reported to occur with cerebellar hypoplasia (GREENE et al., 1976); in cats, this condition has been reported to be accompanied by microencephaly and hypoplasia of the corpus callosum and cerebellum (HERRMANN et al., 2011).
Blood alcohol concentration and microencephaly: A dose-response study in the neonatal rat.
Lauren has cerebral palsy, microencephaly, seizures, moderate hearing loss, visual impairment, and developmental delays caused by oxygen deprivation at birth.
For example, early studies of prenatal alcohol-induced neuropathology were derived from postmortem tissue, which showed that prenatal alcohol leads to microencephaly (small brain), as well as neuroglial heterotopias (nerve cells that have migrated to the wrong location) and disrupted development of the corpus callosum and cerebellum (Clarren et al.
Alcohol-induced inhibition of these signaling processes during fetal development impairs the proliferation of certain brain cells (i.e., astroglial cells) and may contribute to the reduced brain size (i.e., microencephaly) found in most children diagnosed with FAS (Costa et al.
Anatomical alterations associated with CNS dysfunction may range from gross reduction in brain volume (i.e., microencephaly), to deficits in cell number in a particular brain region, to cellular modifications of individual nerve cells (i.e., neurons), to alterations in the communications among cells.