micrognathia


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micrognathia

[‚mī·krō′nā·thē·ə]
(medicine)
A condition of abnormal smallness of the jaws, particularly the mandible.
References in periodicals archive ?
Birth anomalies in developing embryos include hydrocephalus, urogenital abnormalities, cleft palate, micrognathia, clubfoot, small lungs and skeletal malformations (Holt and Webb, 1987).
The patient had multiple facial deformities, including perioral fibrosis, which gave her face a bird-like appearance; micrognathia (which affected the alignment of her teeth); a narrow mouth with pursed, puckered lips; bound-down skin of the nose; and a loss of wrinkling.
Seckel syndrome was defined as severe IGR and postnatal dwarfism with severe microcephaly characterized by "bird-like face", micrognathia, pointed nose, and receding forehead, associated with cognitive impairment and other abnormalities but with no skeletal malformations, except for occasional dislocation of the head of radius.
Clinical features such as micrognathia (44) and congenital heart diseases are common in SF; these factors might be involved in this association.
The external abnormalities observed included limb malformation, micrognathia, gastroschisis and open eyes, although with no significant difference between the groups.
Newborn upper airway obstruction secondary to micrognathia and Pierre Robin sequence can be managed with conservative and surgical interventions.
Studies in knockout of Nog shows abnormalities in the neural tube and the somites and mandibular defects ranging over a range of phenotypes from the mandibular hypoplasia, passing through an intermediate phenotype micrognathia (poor formation of the jaw) to agnathia (absence of mandibular formation) (88,89).
The most common anatomic factors leading to OSAS in children include large tonsils or adenoids, obesity, micrognathia (small jaw) or other anatomic anomalies and swollen mucous membranes from allergies or upper respiratory infections.
The characteristic facies of DiGeorge include long face, narrow palpebral fissures, broad nasal bridge, micrognathia and asymmetrical crying face.
In one third of cases, continuous splenogonadal fusion is associated with congenital anomalies such as cleft palate, cardiac defects, micrognathia, spina bifida, thoracopagus, osteogenesis imperfecta and extremity deformitiesP.
Airway examination showed a protruding upper incisors, micrognathia, receding lower jaw, inter incisors distance less than 2 fingers, thyromental distance-6 cm, jaw to neck distance-2.
The patient was born with intrauterine growth retardation (birth height and weight under 10 percentile), microcephalia (under 10 percentile), broad nasal root, hypoplastic ala nasi, long philtrum, cleft palate, micrognathia, and low set ears (Figure 1c).