micrometeorology

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micrometeorology

[¦mī·krō‚mē·dē·ə′räl·ə·jē]
(meteorology)
That portion of the science of meteorology that deals with the observation and explanation of the smallest-scale physical and dynamic occurrences within the atmosphere; studies are confined to the surface boundary layer of the atmosphere, that is, from the earth's surface to an altitude where the effects of the immediate underlying surface upon air motion and composition become negligible.
References in periodicals archive ?
Historically, micrometeorological models rely strongly on similarity relationships, which are important for allowing inferences of vertical profiles based on observations made in idealized conditions (Kaimal et al.
Phillips FA, Leuning R, Baigent R, Kelly KB, Denmead OT (2007) Nitrous oxide measurements from an intensively managed irrigated pasture using micrometeorological techniques.
However, it also requires accurate micrometeorological measurements of a specific location and subjective information (clothing thermal and physical activity characteristics) which is not generalized for epidemiological studies over wide geographical areas (such as cities), where great, uncontrolled variability and different types of human behavior exist.
Accurate micrometeorological measurements at the surface combined with upper measurements are therefore an essential evaluating component in assessing the accuracy of numerical models.
Others studies, focussed on spatial integration, have used micrometeorological methods for relatively short field measurement campaigns (Kelliher et al.
Micrometeorological measurements of [CH.sub.4] and [CO.sub.2] exchange between the atmosphere and subarctic tundra.
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the partitioning of available energy to evaporation for oats, rye, and bare soil surfaces by measuring micrometeorological parameters used for estimating surface energy balance components during the non-growing period in central Iowa.
For example, phenological timing in tropical forests can often be predicted from knowledge of the resident species' biology and local micrometeorological patterns, but Wright (Chapter 15) points out that the proximate mechanisms cueing these phenologles are poorly understood.
Martin-Gorriz, 2013: Impact of micrometeorological conditions on the efficiency of artificial monolayers in reducing evaporation.
The eddy covariance method, a micrometeorological technique, has been widely used to study exchanges of carbon dioxide, water vapor, and energy between the biosphere and atmosphere.
- The Network micrometeorological region, from now on for brevity RMR and its conventional counterpart.