midge


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midge,

name for any of numerous minute, fragile fliesfly,
name commonly used for any of a variety of winged insects, but properly restricted to members of the order Diptera, the true flies, which includes the housefly, gnat, midge, mosquito, and tsetse fly.
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 in several families. The family Chironomidae consists of about 2,000 species, most of which are widely distributed. The herbivorous larvae are found in all freshwaters; the larvae of some species live in saltwater. Midge larvae are an important source of food for larger aquatic insects and fish. The larvae of some species of the genus Chironomus, which are called freshwater bloodworms, are unusual in that they contain the protein hemoglobin. The pupae are active and aquatic. The adults, which look like slender mosquitoes, are often seen swarming over or near water, and large courting and mating swarms may contain millions of insects. The larvae and pupae of the net-wing midges, family Blepharoceridae, live in fast-flowing freshwater; they attach to rocks by suction disks and feed mainly on algae. The biting midges belong to the genus Culicoides of the family Ceratopogonidae; they are the smallest of the bloodsucking insects and are common pests in the NE United States, where they are called punkies, sand flies, and no-see-ums. The adults have mouthparts that pierce and suck and inflict irritating bites on humans; some species ride the wings of dragonflies and lacewings, sucking the blood of their hosts. Gall midges, family Cecidomyiidae, damage many plants by causing formation of plant galls in which the larvae live (see gnatgnat,
common name for any one of a number of small, fragile-looking two-winged flies of the suborder Nematocera, order Diptera, which includes the families Tipulidae (crane flies), Bibionidae (hairflies), Ceratopogonidae (biting midges), Chironomidae (true midges), Cecidomyidae
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). Midges are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Diptera.

midge

[mij]
(invertebrate zoology)
Any of various dipteran insects, principally of the families Ceratopogonidae, Cecidomyiidae, and Chironomidae; many are biting forms and are vectors of parasites of man and other vertebrates.

midge

1. any fragile mosquito-like dipterous insect of the family Chironomidae, occurring in dancing swarms, esp near water
2. any similar or related insect, such as the biting midge and gall midge
References in periodicals archive ?
Aled Owen and Stuart Bennett, breeders of Midge's parents, and, right, Midge with Shaun Richards and buyer Eddie Thornalley
Work in the laboratories at Swansea has now shown that the V275 strain of the fungus has potential for use in control programmes as it also kills the adult midge, with some applications in the laboratory having a 100% success rate within five days.
Even when she herself could no longer play, Midge continued to welcome amateur, and the occasional professional player into her home in the most recent years, usually to play with her daughter Alison, whose cello playing was a source of great pride and pleasure to her.
It comes during what is becoming a busy year for Midge - he's just finished a stint on ITV1's Popstar to Operastar, alongside Steps singer Claire Richards, Erasure's Andy Bell, Cheryl Baker of Bucks Fizz, X Factor winner Joe McElderry, and Melody Thornton of the Pussycat Dolls.
The study concluded: "Midges are known to rest in trees after they have emerged from pupae and are found in greater numbers with increasing height.
"Obviously we can't clean all the midges out of Glenveagh's 40,000 acres.
The experimental line Ob 677, the source of the resistance in BG 380-2, imparts resistance against the gall midge population prevalent in Sri Lanka (Kudagamage and Gunawardena, 1989), biotype 1 and 2 prevalent in India (All India Co-ordinated Rice Improvement Programme, 1999), and against biotypes 1 and 2 prevalent in China (Huang et al., 1998).
Midge kept those raw tapes and a couple of years ago shocked Sting by replaying them for him.
Research carried out by Dr Blackwell's team estimates that more than half of tourists visiting Scotland for the first time are put off returning because of midges.
Terry Gunn of Lees Ferry Anglers ([800] 962-9755) recommends #20-#24 dry-fly patterns to imitate single midges, and #18 Griffith's Gnats to imitate midge clusters (clumps of midges balled up together).
My experiments in a western New York marsh further develop those themes by simultaneously evaluating the influences of plant litter resources (bottom-up) and fish predation (top-down) on benthic midge distribution and abundance.