midge


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midge,

name for any of numerous minute, fragile fliesfly,
name commonly used for any of a variety of winged insects, but properly restricted to members of the order Diptera, the true flies, which includes the housefly, gnat, midge, mosquito, and tsetse fly.
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 in several families. The family Chironomidae consists of about 2,000 species, most of which are widely distributed. The herbivorous larvae are found in all freshwaters; the larvae of some species live in saltwater. Midge larvae are an important source of food for larger aquatic insects and fish. The larvae of some species of the genus Chironomus, which are called freshwater bloodworms, are unusual in that they contain the protein hemoglobin. The pupae are active and aquatic. The adults, which look like slender mosquitoes, are often seen swarming over or near water, and large courting and mating swarms may contain millions of insects. The larvae and pupae of the net-wing midges, family Blepharoceridae, live in fast-flowing freshwater; they attach to rocks by suction disks and feed mainly on algae. The biting midges belong to the genus Culicoides of the family Ceratopogonidae; they are the smallest of the bloodsucking insects and are common pests in the NE United States, where they are called punkies, sand flies, and no-see-ums. The adults have mouthparts that pierce and suck and inflict irritating bites on humans; some species ride the wings of dragonflies and lacewings, sucking the blood of their hosts. Gall midges, family Cecidomyiidae, damage many plants by causing formation of plant galls in which the larvae live (see gnatgnat,
common name for any one of a number of small, fragile-looking two-winged flies of the suborder Nematocera, order Diptera, which includes the families Tipulidae (crane flies), Bibionidae (hairflies), Ceratopogonidae (biting midges), Chironomidae (true midges), Cecidomyidae
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). Midges are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Diptera.

midge

[mij]
(invertebrate zoology)
Any of various dipteran insects, principally of the families Ceratopogonidae, Cecidomyiidae, and Chironomidae; many are biting forms and are vectors of parasites of man and other vertebrates.

midge

1. any fragile mosquito-like dipterous insect of the family Chironomidae, occurring in dancing swarms, esp near water
2. any similar or related insect, such as the biting midge and gall midge
References in periodicals archive ?
This work is a part of the Rockefeller Foundation (USA)-supported project "Identification of new gene(s) for gall midge (Orseolia oryzae Wood Mason) resistance" Code 99001 #754 to the corresponding author.
Midge kept those raw tapes and a couple of years ago shocked Sting by replaying them for him.
Research carried out by Dr Blackwell's team estimates that more than half of tourists visiting Scotland for the first time are put off returning because of midges.
Terry Gunn of Lees Ferry Anglers ([800] 962-9755) recommends #20-#24 dry-fly patterns to imitate single midges, and #18 Griffith's Gnats to imitate midge clusters (clumps of midges balled up together).
Core sampling of mud substrates in the study pool over the 1994 season indicated that Chironomus plurnosus and Chironomus tentans midge larvae, and to a lesser extent Glyptotendipes barbipes larvae, accounted for [greater than] 95% of the overall numbers of benthic macroinvertebrates.
As a result if those discussions, I asked EHP to request Council to hold off removing the geo-fabric, and invited the Mayor to join me at Midge Point to ensure Council has all the support it needs to protect the beach and see if there was any alternative.
We have looked at the genetics of this to see whether you can pass on whether you are attractive or not to midges - and it turns out you can.
Midge said Sir Bob - with whom he wrote festive charity hit Do They Know It's Christmas?
Midge was like a pet but also one hell of a good sheepdog as well.
Dr Simon Carpenter, head of entomology at IAH said: "Knowing when and where infected midges are likely to come into contact with animals is absolutely vital to prevention and control of midge-borne diseases.
Usually, [approximately equal to] 100 [micro]L of bovine/ovine blood is used for virus detection, whereas <1 [approximately equal to] L of blood remains in a midge after a blood meal.