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common name for the Polygalaceae, a family including herbs, shrubs, and trees found in all parts of the world except New Zealand and the polar regions. Several milkworts (genus Polygala), perennial herbs, are native to moist habitats of the United States and are sometimes cultivated as ornamentals. The Seneca snakeroot (P. senega), used by the Seneca for snakebite, yields the herbal medicine senegin. The milkwort family is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Polygalales.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Claire said: "That flower was the subject of much debate and they wanted to know what it could be so we finally settled for milkwort."
Mae'nodi "Pan fyddai defaid yn codi ar y dwylaw llaeth-gafr oedd y feddyginiaeth; llysieuyn yw hwnnw a dail mn arno ac wrth dorri ei goes fe ddaw sudd ohono yr un lliw llaeth." Mae 'na droednodyn yn y llyfr yn egluro mai 'milkwort' ydi llaeth-gafr.
River Time's strength lies in Hood's description of some of the more unusual flora and fauna she stumbles across including the purple milkwort one of only thirty-six species that produce flowers underground or the army ant who travels in foraging packs 10000 strong pouring over the ground like streams of "black oil." Of course natural history aside Hood's experience of the places she visits is also a modern one--shaped by corporate influences and muddied with the pollution and ecological devastation she too frequently encounters.
Also there is wet heath on soil, not peat, characterised by deer grass and cross-leaved heather, where heath milkwort and heath spotted orchids grow.
In 1999, germination trials were conducted at the greenhouse on five rare native species for Luscar Ltd., including purple coneflower (Echinacea), bird's foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus), milkwort (Polygala verticillata), salt bush (Baccharis halimifolia) and whorled milkweed (Asclepias syriaca).
Also known as fringed polygala, fringed milkwort, and bird-on-the-wing, gaywings are beautiful native wildflowers found in rich, moist woods from Georgia to New Brunswick.
While hiking the outskirts of the Bokkeveld Mountains of South Africa during a sabbatical in 1997, university professor Alan Meerow first encountered Polygala myrtifolia, the showy evergreen shrub known as "cape milkwort." Even then he could envision its vibrant flowers blooming year-round in subtropical U.S.
Waves and waves of lobelia, lupine, New Jersey tea, Turk's-cap, yellow star, pasture rose, purple milkwort, sneezeweed, purple avens, Ohio spiderwort, wild bergamot, fringed gentian, black-eyed susan, golden alexanders, purple coneflower, blue flag, cardinal flower, Maximilian sunflower, and butterfly weed bloom and swing as their fragrance is lost in the gusty wind.
The 'wort' part of a plant's name indicates that is was once well-known for its medicinal qualities - plants such as woundwort, milkwort, and nipplewort, for example.
It is a member of the Milkwort Polygalaceae family.