mineralocorticoid


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mineralocorticoid

[¦min·rə·lō′kȯrd·ə‚kȯid]
(biochemistry)
A steroid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex that regulates mineral metabolism and, secondarily, fluid balance.
References in periodicals archive ?
15,16) Although there are no randomized, controlled studies in the literature, some studies have shown that oral eplerenone, a mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist, decreases subretinal fluid in chronic CSCR and is a promising treatment method for the future.
Rennin and aldosterone were suppressed as a result of volume expansion caused by high levels of mineralocorticoid products.
Aldosterone is a mineralocorticoid hormone synthesized by the zona glomerulosa of the adrenal cortex.
Expression of amygdala mineralocorticoid receptor and glucocorticoid receptor in the single-prolonged stress rats.
The decreased secretion of renin caused by the negative feedback due to increased mineralocorticoid levels is due to the increase in DOCA (1,2).
Medical management includes treatment with a mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist such as spirinolactone.
Medical therapy consists of two components: (i) disease-modifying drugs consisting of three neurohormonal antagonists (angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (or angiotensin receptor blockers), beta-blockers, and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists) that are fundamental in modifying the course of disease and improving survival; and (ii) symptomatic therapies, such as diuretics and digoxin, that relieve congestion, reduce hospitalisation and improve quality of life.
During normal pregnancy, there is renal tubular loss of potassium and magnesium; this urinary potassium wasting occurs due to increased aldosterone levels and other substances with mineralocorticoid activity.
lead position = lateral or posterolateral position; LVEF = left ventricular ejection fraction; LVESV = left ventricular end systolic volume; LVEDV = left ventricular end diastolic volume; NYHA III, IV = New York Heart Association classification 3-4; ACEi-ARB = angiotensin convertase inhibitor -angiotensin receptor blocker; BB = beta-blocker; MRI = mineralocorticoid receptor inhibitor; NT-proBNP = N-terminal of the prohormone brain natriuretic peptide; RDW = red blood cell distribution width.
Most patients with X-linked AHC present adrenal insufficiency early in life and have combined glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid deficiency [32].