miniature painting


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miniature painting

[Ital.,=artwork, especially manuscript initial letters, done with the red lead pigment minium; the word originally had no implication as to size]. In a general sense the term denotes any small, detailed kind of painting, including medieval illuminationillumination,
in art, decoration of manuscripts and books with colored, gilded pictures, often referred to as miniatures (see miniature painting); historiated and decorated initials; and ornamental border designs.
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 and much of the finest painting of India and Persia. It is also used to refer to diminutive portraits. Among the earliest European masters of this latter art were Holbein the Younger, Jean Clouet, and Jean Fouquet. English masters famous for their miniatures in the 16th and 17th cent. were Nicholas Hilliard, Isaac Oliver, Samuel Cooper, and Richard Cosway. The early portrait miniatures were executed in a precise, sometimes precious style. Two artists of the 18th cent., the Swede Peter Adolphe Hall and the Venetian Rosalba Carriera, introduced a new freedom of brushstroke, even within the small format. Among those who executed elegant and intimate miniatures in France during the 18th and 19th cent. were Nattier, Fragonard, Boucher, and Isabey. In colonial America, C. W. Peale, Benbridge, Copley, Peter Pelham, and E. G. Malbone were notable exponents of the art. Watercolor on parchment, paper, porcelain, or ivory was the most frequently employed medium for miniatures. The art virtually died with the advent of photography. The Metropolitan Museum, the Louvre, and the Wallace Collection in London have notable collections of miniatures. See articles on individuals, e.g., Nicholas HilliardHilliard, Nicholas,
1537–1619, English miniature painter, son of a goldsmith. Trained first as a jeweler, he was court painter to Elizabeth and to James I. The first true miniaturist in England, Hilliard was self-taught.
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 and articles on Indian art and architectureIndian art and architecture,
works of art and architecture produced on the Indian subcontinent, which is now divided among India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. In the Western world, notable collections of Indian art can be seen in the British Museum, in the Victoria and Albert
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 and on Persian art and architecturePersian art and architecture,
works of art and structures produced in the region of Asia traditionally known as Persia and now called Iran. Bounded by fierce mountains and deserts, the high plateau of Iran has seen the flow of many migrations and the development of many
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.

Bibliography

See Elvehjem Art Center, Indian Miniature Painting (1971); S. C. Welch, A King's Book of Kings (1972); D. Foskett, Miniatures: Dictionary and Guide (1987).

References in classic literature ?
I thought miniature painting on ivory was a lost art.
It was like a highly-finished miniature painting representing My Lords of the Circumlocution Department, Commandership-in-Chief of any sort, Government.
Look here," said he, unfolding a parcel in his hand, and displaying a small miniature painting, "do you know who that is?
She has specialized in the traditional techniques of Mughal and Persian Miniature painting.
The Institute is home to the Alwaleed Bin Talal School of Calligraphy and Miniature Painting, the premier school for these arts in Afghanistan.
Miniature painting is a very detailed form of painting that has its origins way back in history appearing in many cultures, including illustrations on the papyrus rolls of ancient Egypt and later on manuscripts and medals from the Roman Empire.
The only male artist of the exhibition, Osama Bin Shaahab stated, to participate and contribute effectively as an artist in society and art world in particular through the medium of Miniature Painting.
The Lahore-based artist Imran Qureshi works in the historic discipline of miniature painting to create pieces that are as exquisite as they are inventive.
Portraiture is the branch of painting most encouraged by the English and of its branches, miniature painting has the longest native tradition.
Being an ardent lover of Indian Tradition and Culture, I have therefore taken an initiative to promote Indian Miniature Painting (which dates back to the 14th century) to the entire world by exhibiting my artworks on an international level.
A fine cup for wine that belonged to Chenghua Emperor (1465-1487) is adorned with a miniature painting featuring a rooster, a hen and chicks on a flowered background.
com)-- Easy Tours, the premier luxury travel facilitator for India and South Asia recently launched its 2014 Spring Sale Campaign for India with a new advertising campaign based on the ancient Indian art form of miniature painting.

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