NTSP also conducted annual polls of its physicians to determine minimum reimbursement rates for use in the negotiation of managed care contracts with payers.
The FTC ruled that when physicians cast a vote on the desired minimum price for the group, they were not simply supporting past or current prices, they were telegraphing their intentions about future prices.
In addition, the matter in which NTSP utilized the minimum reimbursement schedule in its communications with payers also showed that NTSP was using the poll for much more than just an administrative or efficiency-enhancing tool.
A major factor behind the explosion of the prison population in the United States is the usurpation of judicial powers by Congress, which dispensed mandatory minimum sentences for many crimes (mainly drug-related offenses).
According to a May 2000 article entitled, "Mandatory Minimum Sentences: An Overview," by David Risley, Assistant U.S.
Congress' response to these obvious problems was to tweak the mandatory minimum sentences to try to emphasize the punishment of violent offenders, but the problems previously stated are not going away.
Supporters argue that the numbers prove mandatory minimums work.
Now, though, some states are taking another look at mandatory minimums. One reason is a lack of money.
"It seems to me that with respect to these drug offenders, the mandatory minimums have begun to go haywire."
Testifying before Congress in 1994, Justice Anthony Kennedy said, "I think I'm in agreement with most judges in the federal system that mandatory minimums are an imprudent, unwise, and often unjust mechanism for sentencing." In a 1996 survey by the Federal Judicial Center, four-fifths of district and circuit court judges said the guidelines written by the U.S.
Since the last hike in the federal minimum wage, in 1997, repeated attempts to raise it further have been defeated in Congress.
However, 17 states and the District of Columbia have opted to raise their minimum wages above that of the federal government.