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common name for the Cyprinidae, a large family of freshwater fish which includes the carpcarp,
hardy freshwater fish, Cyprinus carpio, the largest member of the minnow family; it is also known as the common carp. A native of Black, Caspian, and Aral sea basins of Eurasia, the carp has been introduced widely elsewhere in the world and has become so well
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 (Cyprinus carpio), and of which there are some 2,400 species. Minnows have soft-rayed fins and teeth in the throat only. Together with the closely allied suckersucker,
common name for members of the family Catostomidae, freshwater fish related to the minnows. Like minnows and the less closely related catfishes, the suckers possess an intricate set of bones forming a highly sensitive hearing apparatus. Suckers range in size from 6 in.
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 family and with the catfishescatfish,
common name applied to members of the fish families constituting the order Siluriformes, found in fresh and coastal waters. Catfish are named for the barbels ("whiskers") around their mouths and have scaleless skins, fleshy, rayless posterior fins, and sharp defensive
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 they form the "hearing-aid" group of freshwater fishes, so-called for the complex set of bones extending from the airfloat to the inner ear, which gives them a superior sense of hearing and accounts for their characteristic wariness.

The carp is generally considered the largest of the minnow family, although the pikeminnows, or squawfishes, of the Columbia and Colorado rivers average 30 lb (13.5 kg) and the mahseer, a game fish of India, is also large. However, most minnows are small. They have great importance in the cycle of freshwater aquatic life, since they consume aquatic insects, larvae, and crustaceans and in turn serve as food for many larger fish. Most species are dully colored, though a few are brilliantly hued in greens, reds, and yellows.

Various members of the family are called shiners, chubs, daces, roaches, breams, and bleaks; many of the American species are called shiners. The most widespread American minnow is the common shiner, Luxilus cornutus or Notropis cornutus. The Eurasian minnow is Phoxinus phoxinus. The creek chub and the golden shiner, a greenish fish that turns golden during the breeding season, attain a length of 12 in. (2.5 cm). The red shiner and redbelly dace are also named for the seasonal color changes in the male. The goldfishgoldfish,
freshwater fish, genus Carassius, of the family Cyprinidae, popular in aquariums and ponds. Native to China, it was first domesticated centuries ago from the wild form, an olive-colored carplike fish up to 16 in. (40 cm) long.
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, genus Carassius, is also a member of the minnow family.

Certain varieties of killifishkillifish,
any of more than a thousand species of small fish of the several families of the order Cyprinodontiformes (toothed minnows or toothed carps), a group that includes also the topminnows and many popular aquarium fishes (e.g.
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 of the family Cyprinodontidae are called topminnows and toothed minnows. The carnivorous mudminnows of the family Umbridae, found in the sluggish waters in the Great Lakes region and the Atlantic coastal lowlands, superficially resemble toothed minnows but are more closely related to the pikepike,
common name for the family Esocidae, freshwater game and food fishes of Europe, Asia, and North America. The pike, the muskellunge, and the pickerel form a small but well-known group of long, thin fishes with spineless dorsal fins, large anal fins, and long, narrow jaws
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; they are also called dogfishes.

Minnows are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Cypriniformes, family Cyprinidae.

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(vertebrate zoology)
The common name for any fresh-water fish composing the family Cyprinidae, order Cypriniformes.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. a small slender European freshwater cyprinid fish, Phoxinus phoxinus
2. any other small cyprinid
3. Angling a spinning lure imitating a minnow
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Smallmouths often hit when it's rising back toward the surface like a real minnow, nose first.
Bluntnose Minnow were collected from reaches along the West Fork White River (n = 20) as well as Prairie Creek Reservoir (n = 11) in Delaware County, Indiana.
Minnow finds support in the company of his roguish grandfather, his loyal pal Mark, and beautiful Opal Parsons, who has her own worries as the first African American student in their school.
"We are bringing two new innovative cat treats to pet stores nationwide this year: PureBites Wild Tuna and PureBites Wild Minnow. We don't add any preservatives like glycerin or salt, only the natural ingredients that are on the ingredient label," Bourne continued.
If you find them suspended then set up downwind with your spider rig rods all rigged with minnows and push into the school.
And perhaps that's most readily apparent in the plight of the Rio Grande silvery minnow, an endangered species that hangs on in a mere vestige of its once-expansive range.
MOEEN ALI rescued England's blushes against World Cup minnows Afghanistan to keep their T20 ship on course in India.
We noticed that cannibalistic morph individuals in lakes with high minnow abundances (Lake 21 and Lake 140) had smaller vomerine teeth than similar morphs in the other two lakes (Ashley Lake and CLSA Wetland P6).
Critique: Exceptionally well written, "Minnow" by James E.
Oakes creates a startlingly powerful voice in Minnow. With each glimpse into Minnows past, the reader experiences a childhood where freethinking brings devastation on anyone who dares deviate from the cult's philosophies.
Among his adventuresome friends, Minnow is perhaps the only boy who does not need to ask "Is it true?" of magical tales.
Other species that consume the minnows, such as trout, subsequently showed significant decreases in their population.