The next two morphological features are related to the size of the nucleus, the nucleus minor axis
length (nucleus minor axis
length), and the nucleus equivalent diameter (nucleus equivalent diameter).
All the features namely maximum length of detected edges, the ratio major and minor axis
, number of pixels, maximum convolution, and the number of intersection was used as an input parameters to develop a new prediction model as shown in figure (13).
Under minor axis
polarized incidence, the resonances are shown in Figure 3(b).
The typical parameters used for modeling an egg are the weight: 50 g, eggshell thickness: 0.35 mm, diameter of the major axis: 58.5 mm, diameter of minor axis
: 45 mm, and egg-shape index R (the ratio of the major axis to minor axis
of the egg): 1.3.
For each nucleus, the corresponding ellipse is delineated via the nucleus' major axis and minor axis
. 12 points of ellipse boundary are determined through different polar angles with the same interval.
The angles between major axis and crank arm (96.5[degrees]) and between minor axis
and crank arm (-3.5[degrees]) are described by a and p, respectively.
So we considered the major axis as actual length (L) and minor axis
as actual width (W) as well as thickness (T) of cashew kernel as shown in Figure 3b, c and d (Balasubramanian, 2001).
(The two electrodes were located 5 cm apart at both ends of the probe's minor axis
and constituted two observation points on a straight line.)
The basic dry-spinning equations have been developed on our previous work , the glass transition temperature and imidization degree of the precursor fibers are related to solvent mass fraction and curing temperature , and the final imidization degree of precursor fiber is taken from our experimental data , Here, the arithmetic mean of major axis and minor axis
are used to substitute for the fiber radius, and the profile degree equation of cross section is derived to calculate the fiber shape change.
Figure 3 shows a cross section, representing the dome of a cabochon, taken on the vertical plane of the minor axis
and parallel to the horizontally oriented fibrous inclusions or structure (hereafter termed fibres), one of which is indicated by the short black line.
If X represents the ratio between the major to minor axis
of an ellipsoid, then X can be deduced from Q by using the following formula 
The extraction of individual morphological characteristics of weedy rice seeds variants were carried out to extract individual seed length, width, rectangular aspect ratio, major axis length, minor axis
length and aspect ratio [3, 4].All the obtained values were multiplied by the calibration factor (mm/pixel) to convert pixels unit to milimeter (mm).